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Upgrading and implementing mathematical models to increase nitrogen use efficiency of lactating dairy cows.

Upgrading and implementing mathematical models to increase nitrogen use efficiency of lactating dairy cows.

Objective

Nitrogen (N) is an essential nutrient of food production, but its extended use led to the N cascade phenomenon with considerable effects on atmospheric, freshwater and marine systems. The increased efficiency of N use in dairy production is proposed as key action to reduce N contamination, and mathematical models provide a powerful tool to help with this. We are planning to use two models: The Cornell Net Carbohydrate and Protein System (CNCPS; a cow based model) and the Lifetime Nitrogen Efficiency (LNE; a herd based model). The models will be updated on amino acid metabolism (CNCPS), heifer growth and cattle fertility and economics (LNE) increasing not only their accuracy but also their commercial potential. In parallel, an intensive outreach program will incorporate farms in each country to describe N balance situation. This step will provide the necessary time to familiarize and accommodate farms with current model use. The last phase of the project consists on the implementation of the upgraded models in our pilot farms. This will provide a real life example that can generate a shift in agricultural practice towards more efficient and less polluting dairy industry. The European Union has been taken several initiatives either at a research level (e.g. FP-7 project RedNex) or at a legislative level (e.g. the National Emission Ceilings directive 2001/81/EC; currently under revision) to reduce N pollution from dairy production. However, few strategies have been converted into agricultural practice because of the lack of an applied step linking research strategies with the dairy industry. This is the strength of the current project that includes four non-academic partners that consult on thousands of European dairy farms and six European and American academic institutions, two of which developed the models, but all highly prestigious in their countries and internationally.
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Coordinator

ABERYSTWYTH UNIVERSITY

Address

Visualisation Centre Penglais
Sy23 3bf Aberystwyth

United Kingdom

Activity type

Higher or Secondary Education Establishments

EU Contribution

€ 216 000

Participants (11)

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UNIVERSITAT AUTONOMA DE BARCELONA

Spain

EU Contribution

€ 67 500

AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY OF ATHENS

Greece

EU Contribution

€ 117 000

UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI PARMA

Italy

EU Contribution

€ 225 000

TECHNOLOGIKO EKPEDEFTIKO IDRYMA THESSALIAS

Greece

PANEPISTIMIO THESSALIAS

Greece

EU Contribution

€ 175 500

ZOOTROFES - CHIMIKA NOUTRIA ELLAS D. TSOLAKHS IKE

Greece

EU Contribution

€ 67 500

LABORATORIOS KARIZOO, SA

Spain

EU Contribution

€ 40 500

RUM&N sas di Melli&C

Italy

EU Contribution

€ 45 000

MOLE VALLEY FARMERS LIMITED

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 13 500

WYNNSTAY GROUP PLC

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 13 500

THE UNIVERSITY OF LIVERPOOL

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 13 500

Partners (1)

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CORNELL UNIVERSITY

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 777974

Status

Ongoing project

  • Start date

    1 January 2018

  • End date

    31 December 2021

Funded under:

H2020-EU.1.3.3.

  • Overall budget:

    € 1 102 500

  • EU contribution

    € 994 500

Coordinated by:

ABERYSTWYTH UNIVERSITY

United Kingdom