CORDIS
EU research results

CORDIS

English EN
Pro-tumorigenic effects of TGFb - elucidation of mechanisms and development of selective inhibitors

Pro-tumorigenic effects of TGFb - elucidation of mechanisms and development of selective inhibitors

Objective

Transforming growth factor-b (TGFb) is a multifunctional cytokine which has important functions during embryonal development and in tissue homeostasis. In cancer, TGFb is often overexpressed and has both tumor suppressor effects (induction of growth arrest and apoptosis) and tumor promoting effects (stimulation of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of tumor cells, stimulation of angiogenesis and cancer associated fibroblasts, and suppression of immune surveillance).
Our aim is to elucidate the mechanisms for the pro-tumorigenic effects of TGFb and to develop selective inhibitors which can be used to suppress tumor invasiveness and metastasis in animal models, and later on for treatment of patients with advanced cancer. We think it is important to develop selective inhibitors, which do not affect the tumor suppressive effects of TGFb, since complete inhibition of TGFb may cause severe side effects and may even promote tumorigenesis.
We plan to:
1. perform a systematic analysis of posttranslational modifications and interactors of the TGFb receptor I (TbRI) and II (TbRII), and determine their functional importance for the induction of various pro-tumorigenic pathways;
2. determine the mechanism whereby TGFb activates the tyrosine kinase Src, and its role in invasiveness and metastasis;
3. attempt to selectively inhibit the activation of phosphatidylinositol 3´-kinase by TGFb, in order to inhibit tumor cell survival and migration;
4. elucidate the functional role in the nucleus of the cleaved intracellular domain of TbRI, and attempt to inhibit its formation and thereby tumor metastasis;
5. determine the cellular compartment where the pro-tumorigenic signaling pathways are activated;
6. elucidate mechanisms for TGFb-induced EMT and develop candidate low molecular weight inhibitors that we have obtained from a screen, aiming at using them in vivo to suppress metastasis;
7. develop biomarkers to identity patient cohorts for treatment with selective TGFb inhibitors.
Leaflet | Map data © OpenStreetMap contributors, Credit: EC-GISCO, © EuroGeographics for the administrative boundaries

Host institution

UPPSALA UNIVERSITET

Address

Von Kraemers Alle 4
751 05 Uppsala

Sweden

Activity type

Higher or Secondary Education Establishments

EU Contribution

€ 2 500 000

Beneficiaries (1)

Sort alphabetically

Sort by EU Contribution

Expand all

UPPSALA UNIVERSITET

Sweden

EU Contribution

€ 2 500 000

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 787472

Status

Ongoing project

  • Start date

    1 November 2018

  • End date

    31 October 2023

Funded under:

H2020-EU.1.1.

  • Overall budget:

    € 2 500 000

  • EU contribution

    € 2 500 000

Hosted by:

UPPSALA UNIVERSITET

Sweden