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Open Quantum Neural Networks: from Fundamental Concepts to Implementations with Atoms and Photons

Objective

Reaching a fundamental understanding of quantum many-body systems and fully harnessing their computational power for information processing is one of today’s greatest scientific challenges. To date, unprecedented research efforts are underway to build quantum devices, which would outperform the most powerful classical computers. At the same time, neural networks are currently revolutionising the handling of large amounts of data, with enormous success in pattern and speech recognition, machine learning, the analysis of ‘big data’ and ‘deep learning’. Driven by the hope of combining massive parallel information processing in neural networks with quantum advantages like computational speedup, there have been various efforts to develop quantum neural networks – without satisfactory answers to date. The overarching goal of this theoretical research programme is to tackle this enormous challenge from a fresh perspective: we will establish and explore a conceptual framework for quantum neural networks and identify quantum optical physical building blocks, based on concepts in the domain of open many-body quantum systems. This ambitious aim will be achieved by interlinking a multitude of scientific areas ranging from atomic physics, quantum optics, quantum engineering and condensed matter physics to quantum information and computer science. This research will not only generate a genuine step change in our fundamental understanding of the ways nature allows for quantum information processing. It will also lay the foundation for quantum neuromorphic engineering of a new generation of quantum neural hardware in state-of-the-art and newly emerging experimental systems of ultra-cold atoms and trapped ions. With my interdisciplinary background in quantum information and quantum engineering, quantum optics and atomic physics, I am in a unique position to successfully realise this research. I will also strongly benefit from the vital scientific environment at Swansea University.

Field of science

  • /natural sciences/physical sciences/condensed matter physics
  • /natural sciences/physical sciences/optics
  • /natural sciences/physical sciences/atomic physics
  • /natural sciences/physical sciences/quantum physics/quantum optics
  • /natural sciences/computer and information sciences/artificial intelligence/computational intelligence
  • /natural sciences/computer and information sciences/data science/big data
  • /natural sciences/computer and information sciences/artificial intelligence/machine learning/deep learning
  • /natural sciences/computer and information sciences/data science/data processing
  • /natural sciences/computer and information sciences/artificial intelligence/machine learning

Call for proposal

ERC-2018-STG
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

ERC-STG - Starting Grant

Host institution

FORSCHUNGSZENTRUM JULICH GMBH
Address
Wilhelm Johnen Strasse
52428 Julich
Germany
Activity type
Research Organisations
EU contribution
€ 1 486 439

Beneficiaries (2)

FORSCHUNGSZENTRUM JULICH GMBH
Germany
EU contribution
€ 1 486 439
Address
Wilhelm Johnen Strasse
52428 Julich
Activity type
Research Organisations
SWANSEA UNIVERSITY

Participation ended

United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 0
Address
Singleton Park
SA2 8PP Swansea
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments