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Chemical Looping gAsification foR sustainAble production of biofuels

Objective

Biomass gasification is one of the most promising routes of biofuels production, which is a key element in reducing GHG emissions of the transport sector. Various process options have been investigated, implemented in different scales and proven to be functional. However, these processes lack economic and technological competitiveness in the current market environment. This issue is addressed by Chemical Looping Gasification (CLG) in this project. The innovative CLG process uses an oxygen carrier that is cycled between a fuel and an air reactor to provide oxygen for partial conversion of the biomass feedstock. One of the benefits of CLG is that high quality syngas with low nitrogen content can be produced without an air separation unit. Avoiding air separation has high potential to improve the overall conversion efficiency and the economic feasibility of biomass gasification. The aim of this project is to further develop CLG, which has by now only been investigated in lab-scale up to 25 kWth feedstock input, using a broad range of pilot plants up to a size of 1 MWth. Furthermore, concepts for pre-treatment of biogenic residues are developed to enable their use for CLG, and an innovative syngas cleaning concept is established for reduction of capital costs. The full process chain including biomass pre-treatment, gasification, syngas treatment, Fischer-Tropsch (FT) synthesis, and FT-wax hydrocracking is demonstrated for production of next generation sustainable liquid biofuels. The process is scaled up to industrial size using adequate models that have been validated at pilot scale. The risks of the technology are assessed considering economic, health, safety and social issues and possibilities for risk mitigation are suggested. A techno-economic assessment of the biomass-to-end–use chain is performed. Environmental impact is examined by life cycle analysis. The results are disseminated by a broad range of measures and exploitation plans are established.

Field of science

  • /social sciences/economics and business/business and management/commerce
  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/energy and fuels/biofuels
  • /natural sciences/chemical sciences/inorganic chemistry/inorganic compounds
  • /social sciences/sociology/social problems
  • /social sciences/social and economic geography/transport
  • /agricultural sciences/agricultural biotechnology/biomass

Call for proposal

H2020-LC-SC3-2018-RES-SingleStage
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

RIA - Research and Innovation action

Coordinator

TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITAT DARMSTADT
Address
Karolinenplatz 5
64289 Darmstadt
Germany
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 1 103 750

Participants (12)

AICHERNIG ENGINEERING GMBH
Austria
EU contribution
€ 492 500
Address
Lowengasse 19/1/17
1030 Wien
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
CHALMERS TEKNISKA HOEGSKOLA AB
Sweden
EU contribution
€ 698 241,25
Address
-
41296 Goeteborg
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
AGENCIA ESTATAL CONSEJO SUPERIOR DEINVESTIGACIONES CIENTIFICAS
Spain
EU contribution
€ 387 498,75
Address
Calle Serrano 117
28006 Madrid
Activity type
Research Organisations
RWE POWER AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT
Germany
EU contribution
€ 794 200
Address
Rwe Platz 2
45141 Essen
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
FUNDACION CENER
Spain
EU contribution
€ 277 200
Address
Avenida Ciudad De La Innovacion 7
31621 Sarriguren
Activity type
Research Organisations
UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DELL'AQUILA
Italy
EU contribution
€ 163 000
Address
Piazza Santa Margherita 2
67100 L Aquila
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITAET WIEN
Austria
EU contribution
€ 162 810
Address
Karlsplatz 13
1040 Wien
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
FORSCHUNGSZENTRUM JULICH GMBH
Germany
EU contribution
€ 195 125
Address
Wilhelm Johnen Strasse
52428 Julich
Activity type
Research Organisations
TORKAPPARATER TERMISK PROCESSUTRUSTNING AB
Sweden
EU contribution
€ 162 500
Address
Riddargatan 17
10440 Stockholm
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
UNIVERSITY OF ULSTER
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 148 117,50
Address
Cromore Road
BT52 1SA Coleraine
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
ETHNIKO KENTRO EREVNAS KAI TECHNOLOGIKIS ANAPTYXIS
Greece
EU contribution
€ 296 362,50
Address
Charilaou Thermi Road 6 Km
57001 Thermi Thessaloniki
Activity type
Research Organisations
UNIPETROL VYZKUMNE VZDELAVACI CENTRUM AS
Czechia
EU contribution
€ 112 500
Address
Revolucni 84
400 01 Usti Nad Labem
Activity type
Research Organisations