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Protein synthesis in organelles

Protein synthesis in organelles

Objective

Protein synthesis in mitochondria is essential for the bioenergetics, whereas its counterpart in chloroplasts is responsible for the synthesis of the core proteins that ultimately converts sunlight into the chemical energy that produces oxygen and organic matter. Recent insights into the mito- and chlororibosomes have provided the first glimpses into the distinct and specialized machineries that involved in synthesizing almost exclusively hydrophobic membrane proteins. Our findings showed: 1) mitoribosomes have different exit tunnels, intrinsic GTPase in the head of the small subunit, tRNA-Val incorporated into the central protuberance; 2) chlororibosomes have divaricate tunnels; 3) ribosomes from both organelles exhibit parallel evolution. This allows contemplation of questions regarding the next level of complexity: How these ribosomes work and evolve? How the ribosomal components imported from cytosol are assembled with the organellar rRNA into a functional unit being maturated in different compartments in organelles? Which trans-factors are involved in this process? How the chlororibosomal activity is spatiotemporally coupled to the synthesis and incorporation of functionally essential pigments? What are the specific regulatory mechanisms?
To address these questions, there is a need to first to characterize the process of translation in organelles on the structural level. To reveal molecular mechanisms of action, we will use antibiotics and mutants for pausing in different stages. To reconstitute the assembly, we will systematically pull-down pre-ribosomes and combine single particle with tomography to put the dynamic process in the context of the whole organelle. To understand co-translational operations, we will stall ribosomes and characterize their partner factors. To elucidate the evolution, we will analyze samples from different species.
Taken together, this will provide fundamental insights into the structural and functional dynamics of organelles.
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Host institution

STOCKHOLMS UNIVERSITET

Address

Universitetsvagen 10
10691 Stockholm

Sweden

Activity type

Higher or Secondary Education Establishments

EU Contribution

€ 1 331 300

Beneficiaries (1)

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STOCKHOLMS UNIVERSITET

Sweden

EU Contribution

€ 1 331 300

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 805230

Status

Ongoing project

  • Start date

    1 May 2019

  • End date

    30 April 2024

Funded under:

H2020-EU.1.1.

  • Overall budget:

    € 1 331 300

  • EU contribution

    € 1 331 300

Hosted by:

STOCKHOLMS UNIVERSITET

Sweden