CORDIS
EU research results

CORDIS

English EN
Brain to Brain Synchronization and the role of the shared semantics

Brain to Brain Synchronization and the role of the shared semantics

Objective

A successful verbal communication demands mutual attentiveness and intelligibility of speech. Nevertheless, to transmit certain meaning, alignment between interlocutors according to their concepts and representations is also necessary. Recently, it has been shown (by the applicant and others) that a successful linguistic interaction is related to interbrain coupling. However, the role played by the inter-brain synchronization of oscillatory activity, for the two persons to understand each other is still not known. We propose a research agenda that aims at discovering the interplay between semantics and brain-to-brain synchronization. We will use coupled participants to analyze the inter-brain synchronization patterns underlying successful and disrupted verbal communication. Specifically, we will study two persons engaged in a seemingly natural linguistic, communicative scenario while simultaneously recording EEG brain activity. Using two different types of transcranial electric stimulation, we will study the contributions of a shared meaning to the inter-brain synchronization. In the proposed research, we will use TMS to disrupt semantic-specific brain regions to determine how experimentally-impaired communication modulates interbrain synchronization. Also, we will use tACS to manipulate neural coupling between participants trying to modulate mutual comprehension. Our study will thus provide important and novel evidence for the underlying interbrain patterns during effective communication and concerning whether interbrain phase coupling and mutual understanding are jointly modulated (linked). Results here would be opening the door to the quantification of linguistic interactions. In turn, they might suggest new methods for enhancing verbal communication in populations with meaning transmission deficits. Also has the potential to enable the implementation of methods and devices with the intended purpose of measurement and intervention over the interbrain coupling.
Leaflet | Map data © OpenStreetMap contributors, Credit: EC-GISCO, © EuroGeographics for the administrative boundaries

Coordinator

THE CHANCELLOR MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE

Address

Trinity Lane The Old Schools
Cb2 1tn Cambridge

United Kingdom

Activity type

Higher or Secondary Education Establishments

EU Contribution

€ 224 933,76

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 840885

Status

Grant agreement signed

  • Start date

    1 September 2019

  • End date

    31 August 2021

Funded under:

H2020-EU.1.3.2.

  • Overall budget:

    € 224 933,76

  • EU contribution

    € 224 933,76

Coordinated by:

THE CHANCELLOR MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE

United Kingdom