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Testing the importance of oxidative stress and dietary antioxidants in linking cognitive traits and fitness in free living animals

Testing the importance of oxidative stress and dietary antioxidants in linking cognitive traits and fitness in free living animals

Objective

Cognitive abilities should be beneficial for individuals to optimize decisions when facing environmental changes in the wild
and recent studies have shown that inter-individual variation in cognitive performances is related to variation in fitness, in
particular reproductive success. Nevertheless, it remains unclear whether the links between cognition and success are
causal or driven by a third confounding factor, such as ageing. In humans and laboratory animals, decline in mitochondrial
numbers or functioning and increased oxidative stress has been shown to directly contribute to the ageing- or brain
pathology-related decline in cognitive performances. Hence, one hypothesis is that a shift in the oxidative balance in
particular with age leads to fast accumulation of oxidative damage in metabolically active tissues, such as the brain and
muscles, which in turn leads to a decline in cognition and physical performances, and ultimately explains the age-related
decline in reproductive performances and survival. This first scenario predicts that links between cognition and fitness are
entirely explained by a third variable, the oxidative balance. However, animals can acquire antioxidants from their diet and
cognitive capacities are important to search for and better exploit food resources. Therefore, an alternative hypothesis
predicts a causal relationship between cognition and fitness that is driven by the ability of birds to adequately exploit their
habitat for healthy food for themselves and their offspring. In COSuccess, I will use a long-term database, carefully designed
experiments fin the field, state-of-art laboratory and statistical methods to reveal how physiology and cognition interact
together in shaping fitness. Findings from this project will lead to important gains of knowledge on (i) whether cognition is
under selection (i.e. causally linked to fitness) and (ii) the importance of cognition and access to dietary antioxidants in
mitigating ageing.
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Coordinator

THE UNIVERSITY COURT OF THE UNIVERSITY OF ABERDEEN

Address

King'S College Regent Walk
Ab24 3fx Aberdeen

United Kingdom

Activity type

Higher or Secondary Education Establishments

EU Contribution

€ 281 167,20

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 838763

Status

Grant agreement signed

  • Start date

    1 March 2020

  • End date

    31 August 2022

Funded under:

H2020-EU.1.3.2.

  • Overall budget:

    € 281 167,20

  • EU contribution

    € 281 167,20

Coordinated by:

THE UNIVERSITY COURT OF THE UNIVERSITY OF ABERDEEN

United Kingdom