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Rational Design for Coke-resistant Dry Reforming Catalyst using Combined Theory and Operando Raman Experiments

Rational Design for Coke-resistant Dry Reforming Catalyst using Combined Theory and Operando Raman Experiments

Objective

Increasing energy & chemical demands, rising CO2 emission and depleting fossil reserves have necessitated a search for an alternative technology to mitigate environmental issues, reduce oil consumption and satisfy energy and chemical demand. Production of biogas (mainly methane & CO2) from animal farms in Europe and discovery of shale gas (~ 90% methane) worldwide has led researchers to revisit dry reforming of methane (DRM) into syngas (CO+H2). The use of biogas as feed for chemical production not only curb the global carbon footprint, but also open up avenues for the exploration of new concepts and opportunities for catalytic and industrial developments. Despite the significant potential, DRM has not been commercialized due to catalyst instability leading high operational cost. The key challenges in the field are to increase lifetime and performance of the catalyst by preventing coke formation. Knowledge of structural/morphological changes of catalyst under reaction conditions is important for rational design. To address these issues, concepts based on combined experiment and theory are proposed. Understanding catalyst structure-activity relationship, and mechanistic insights into the DRM process will be developed through operando Raman experiments and Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations. Raman data will provide electronic state of the catalyst, catalyst structural information, nature of carbon deposits and structure-activity relationship. While, DFT studies will give reaction energy and activation barrier, which will help in understanding the reaction pathways and mechanism of coke formation. Multiscale kinetic modeling will be executed for rationalize experimental trends and establish catalyst structure-activity relationship. The knowledge obtained from this project will not only provide an insight about the effective catalyst design but also offer an avenue to explore new concepts and opportunities for industrial catalysis development.

Coordinator

POLITECNICO DI MILANO

Address

Piazza Leonardo Da Vinci 32
20133 Milano

Italy

Activity type

Higher or Secondary Education Establishments

EU Contribution

€ 171 473,28

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 846255

Status

Grant agreement signed

  • Start date

    1 November 2019

  • End date

    31 October 2021

Funded under:

H2020-EU.1.3.2.

  • Overall budget:

    € 171 473,28

  • EU contribution

    € 171 473,28

Coordinated by:

POLITECNICO DI MILANO

Italy