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Beyond EPICA Oldest Ice Core: 1,5 Myr of greenhouse gas – climate feedbacks

Objective

To better constrain the long-term response of Earth's climate system to continuing greenhouse gas emissions, it is essential to turn to the past. A key advance would be to understand the shift in Earth's climate response to orbital forcing during the 'Mid-Pleistocene transition' [MPT, 900,000 (900 kyr) to 1.2 million years (1.2 Myr) ago], when a dominant 40 kyr cyclicity gave way to the current 100 kyr period. It is critical to understand the role of forcing factors and especially of greenhouse gases in this transition. Unravelling such key linkages between the carbon cycle, ice sheets, atmosphere and ocean behaviour is vital, assisting society to design an effective mitigation and adaptation strategy for climate change. Only ice cores contain direct and quantitative information about past climate forcing and atmospheric responses. However, the longest (EPICA) ice core record available to date covers only the last 800 kyr. The RIA Topic LC-CLA-08-2018 empowers the European ice core community to perform such an oldest ice core drilling and the project 'Beyond EPICA' is taking on this unique challenge and opportunity. The overarching scientific objective driving 'Beyond EPICA' is to obtain quantitative, high-resolution ice- core information on climate and environmental changes over the last 1.5 Myr. The cause and effect relationship that led to the enigmatic MPT change in the climate system is not understood yet, as important information on global changes in the climate system is still missing. Most of this information, including the phasing of these changes in the Earth System can only be derived from a continuous ice core from Antarctica covering the last 1.5 Myr. This proposal uses the planning derived during the recent BE-OI CSA, and offers an excellent team (the only team globally that could at present accept the challenge of the call), underpinned by excellent infrastructure and capacity, and is currently ensuring it has an excellent location for the core.

Field of science

  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/energy and fuels/fossil energy/gas

Call for proposal

H2020-LC-CLA-2018-2
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

RIA - Research and Innovation action

Coordinator

CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE
Address
Piazzale Aldo Moro 7
00185 Roma
Italy
Activity type
Research Organisations
EU contribution
€ 737 500

Participants (11)

ALFRED-WEGENER-INSTITUT HELMHOLTZ-ZENTRUM FUR POLAR- UND MEERESFORSCHUNG
Germany
EU contribution
€ 1 782 500
Address
Am Handelshafen 12
27570 Bremerhaven
Activity type
Research Organisations
UNITED KINGDOM RESEARCH AND INNOVATION
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 502 500
Address
Polaris House North Star Avenue
SN2 1FL Swindon
Activity type
Research Organisations
INSTITUT POLAIRE FRANCAIS PAUL-EMILE-VICTOR GIP
France
EU contribution
€ 2 610 000
Address
Technopole Brest Iroise Zi De La Pointe Du Diable
29280 Plouzane
Activity type
Public bodies (excluding Research Organisations and Secondary or Higher Education Establishments)
AGENZIA NAZIONALE PER LE NUOVE TECNOLOGIE, L'ENERGIA E LO SVILUPPO ECONOMICO SOSTENIBILE
Italy
EU contribution
€ 2 610 000
Address
Lungotevere Grande Ammiraglio Thaon Di Revel 76
000196 Roma
Activity type
Research Organisations
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS
France
EU contribution
€ 773 500
Address
Rue Michel Ange 3
75794 Paris
Activity type
Research Organisations
UNIVERSITEIT UTRECHT
Netherlands
EU contribution
€ 128 330
Address
Heidelberglaan 8
3584 CS Utrecht
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
NORSK POLARINSTITUTT
Norway
EU contribution
€ 123 300
Address
Hjalmar Johannesens 14
9296 Tromsoe
Activity type
Research Organisations
STOCKHOLMS UNIVERSITET
Sweden
EU contribution
€ 105 000
Address
Universitetsvagen 10
10691 Stockholm
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
UNIVERSITAET BERN
Switzerland
EU contribution
€ 452 500
Address
Hochschulstrasse 6
3012 Bern
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
KOBENHAVNS UNIVERSITET
Denmark
EU contribution
€ 1 051 500
Address
Norregade 10
1165 Kobenhavn
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
UNIVERSITE LIBRE DE BRUXELLES
Belgium
EU contribution
€ 123 312
Address
Avenue Franklin Roosevelt 50
1050 Bruxelles
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments