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Beyond EPICA Oldest Ice Core: 1,5 Myr of greenhouse gas – climate feedbacks

Beyond EPICA Oldest Ice Core: 1,5 Myr of greenhouse gas – climate feedbacks

Objective

To better constrain the long-term response of Earth's climate system to continuing greenhouse gas emissions, it is essential to turn to the past. A key advance would be to understand the shift in Earth's climate response to orbital forcing during the 'Mid-Pleistocene transition' [MPT, 900,000 (900 kyr) to 1.2 million years (1.2 Myr) ago], when a dominant 40 kyr cyclicity gave way to the current 100 kyr period. It is critical to understand the role of forcing factors and especially of greenhouse gases in this transition. Unravelling such key linkages between the carbon cycle, ice sheets, atmosphere and ocean behaviour is vital, assisting society to design an effective mitigation and adaptation strategy for climate change. Only ice cores contain direct and quantitative information about past climate forcing and atmospheric responses. However, the longest (EPICA) ice core record available to date covers only the last 800 kyr. The RIA Topic LC-CLA-08-2018 empowers the European ice core community to perform such an oldest ice core drilling and the project 'Beyond EPICA' is taking on this unique challenge and opportunity. The overarching scientific objective driving 'Beyond EPICA' is to obtain quantitative, high-resolution ice- core information on climate and environmental changes over the last 1.5 Myr. The cause and effect relationship that led to the enigmatic MPT change in the climate system is not understood yet, as important information on global changes in the climate system is still missing. Most of this information, including the phasing of these changes in the Earth System can only be derived from a continuous ice core from Antarctica covering the last 1.5 Myr. This proposal uses the planning derived during the recent BE-OI CSA, and offers an excellent team (the only team globally that could at present accept the challenge of the call), underpinned by excellent infrastructure and capacity, and is currently ensuring it has an excellent location for the core.

Coordinator

CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE

Address

Piazzale Aldo Moro 7
00185 Roma

Italy

Activity type

Higher or Secondary Education Establishments

EU Contribution

€ 737 500

Participants (11)

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ALFRED-WEGENER-INSTITUT HELMHOLTZ-ZENTRUM FUR POLAR- UND MEERESFORSCHUNG

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 1 782 500

UNITED KINGDOM RESEARCH AND INNOVATION

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 502 500

INSTITUT POLAIRE FRANCAIS PAUL-EMILE-VICTOR GIP

France

EU Contribution

€ 2 610 000

AGENZIA NAZIONALE PER LE NUOVE TECNOLOGIE, L'ENERGIA E LO SVILUPPO ECONOMICO SOSTENIBILE

Italy

EU Contribution

€ 2 610 000

CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS

France

EU Contribution

€ 773 500

UNIVERSITEIT UTRECHT

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 128 330

NORSK POLARINSTITUTT

Norway

EU Contribution

€ 123 300

STOCKHOLMS UNIVERSITET

Sweden

EU Contribution

€ 105 000

UNIVERSITAET BERN

Switzerland

EU Contribution

€ 452 500

KOBENHAVNS UNIVERSITET

Denmark

EU Contribution

€ 1 051 500

UNIVERSITE LIBRE DE BRUXELLES

Belgium

EU Contribution

€ 123 312

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 815384

Status

Ongoing project

  • Start date

    1 June 2019

  • End date

    31 May 2025

Funded under:

H2020-EU.3.5.1.

  • Overall budget:

    € 10 999 942

  • EU contribution

    € 10 999 942

Coordinated by:

CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE

Italy