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PLASTtics to be CLEANED by sorting and separation of plastics and subsequent recycling of polymers, bromine flame retardants and antimony trioxide

PLASTtics to be CLEANED by sorting and separation of plastics and subsequent recycling of polymers, bromine flame retardants and antimony trioxide

Objective

1.2 Million tons of mixed plastics arise from Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) treatment in Europe and this quantity is still growing. WEEE plastics often contain undesired additives that hamper recycling in Europe. 75% of WEEE is currently exported to Asia where it is recycled to secondary plastics containing undesired (hazardous) substances or ending up in landfill where leaching occurs. Hence for WEEE plastics a closed loop solution is needed.
PLAST2bCLEANED’s aim is to develop a recycling process for WEEE plastics in a technically feasible, environmentally sound and economically viable manner. To fulfil this aim, PLAST2bCLEANED addresses the recycling of the most common WEEE plastics acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) and high impact polystyrene (HIPS) that contain up to 20wt% brominated flame retardants (BFR) and up to 5wt% of the synergist antimony trioxide (ATO). PLAST2bCLEANED will close three loops: (1) polymer, (2) bromine, and (3) ATO.
Key technologies developed within the project are: (1) improved sorting of HIPS and ABS that contain BFR from other polystyrene and ABS fractions; (2) dissolution of WEEE plastics in superheated solvents; (3) separation of additives to concentrate BFR and ATO fractions for recycling; (4) energy efficient recovery of solvent and of polymer. The developed technology will be integrated in a pilot facility with capacity of 2 kg/hr (TRL 6) delivering polymer samples. The developed technology can be applied to similar waste streams from other sectors, e.g. automotive.
The combination of improved sorting and use of superheated solvents offers an economic and environmental advantage. First calculations indicate a sound business case: ABS can be recovered with the superheated solvent dissolution process at a cost of 470 €/ton compared to 890 €/ton for the alternative process Creasolv.
The consortium is well equipped to develop this technology and consist of partners to cover the whole value chain.

Coordinator

NEDERLANDSE ORGANISATIE VOOR TOEGEPAST NATUURWETENSCHAPPELIJK ONDERZOEK TNO

Address

Anna Van Buerenplein 1
2595 Da Den Haag

Netherlands

Activity type

Higher or Secondary Education Establishments

EU Contribution

€ 1 253 185

Participants (9)

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FRAUNHOFER GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FOERDERUNG DER ANGEWANDTEN FORSCHUNG E.V.

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 926 288,75

COOLREC BV

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 406 092,50

ICL EUROPE COOPERATIEF UA

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 203 750

FUNDACION GAIKER

Spain

EU Contribution

€ 459 750

ELECTROLUX ITALIA SPA

Italy

EU Contribution

€ 152 187,50

CAMPINE NV

Belgium

EU Contribution

€ 163 326,25

SUSTAINABLE INNOVATIONS EUROPE SL

Spain

EU Contribution

€ 336 875

ELIX POLYMERS SOCIEDAD LIMITADA

Spain

EU Contribution

€ 146 875

JUCHHEIM LABORGERATE GMBH

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 452 500

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 821087

Status

Ongoing project

  • Start date

    1 June 2019

  • End date

    31 May 2023

Funded under:

H2020-EU.3.5.4.

H2020-EU.3.5.3.2.

  • Overall budget:

    € 4 500 830

  • EU contribution

    € 4 500 830

Coordinated by:

NEDERLANDSE ORGANISATIE VOOR TOEGEPAST NATUURWETENSCHAPPELIJK ONDERZOEK TNO

Netherlands