Enhancing carbon fixation will boost the production of organic molecules and crop yield
Enhancing crop productivity is an increasingly important goal to meet the food and fuel needs of a growing global population facing the uncertainty of climate change. Photosynthesis is a primary determinant of crop yield. During this process, plants fix (assimilate) atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) to build organic compounds and thus biomass. Photorespiration is a process in higher plants during which they fix oxygen (O2) instead of CO2 when CO2 is low. They consume O2 and release CO2 without producing ATP or sugar, consequently reducing fixed CO2 and biomass production. The EU-funded GAIN4CROPS project is working to minimise the inefficiencies of photorespiration to boost crop productivity. To that end, the team is engineering highly efficient synthetic metabolic pathways to dramatically boost carbon fixation.
Fields of science
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Funding SchemeRIA - Research and Innovation action
7403648 Ness Ziona