Growing knowledge about plant polyploidisation
Plants can undergo spontaneous chromosome number duplication, or polyploidisation, which acts as a major evolutionary trigger. While all seed plants have experienced at least one round of whole genome duplication in their history, it tends to be an isolated event within diploids. Plant breeders are aware of the potential of polyploidisation for crop improvement. The EU-funded POLYPLOID project will study the natural and newly synthesised polyploid series of various crop and model species. The aim is to fill the knowledge gaps about non-model species regarding chromosomal changes, gene loss, gene expression, methylation and physiological changes, and ecological features. The project will encourage a synergy between interrelated European and international expertise, with the ultimate goal to facilitate the plant breeding process.
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