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Engineering Interfacial Fluid Trapping for Localized Treatment of Brain Aneurysms

Objective

Intravascular medical treatments for cardiovascular diseases are progressing to include the ability to navigate to distal disease sites. However most approaches for localized treatment rely on the use of solid implants, such as stents and metallic coils for embolizing aneurysms, or on direct injection of the therapeutic agent, such as a clot-busting agent, which can further disperse away from the required site of action reducing the therapeutic effect and causing off-target side effects. Thus, there is a need for new approaches to localize treatment that can allow confining a therapeutic agent, such as a potent drug or an injectable biomaterial, to the disease site. The goal of this proposal is to engineer a novel localized intravascular treatment strategy that leverages surface tension to gently isolate and focally treat diseased sites. Fluid confinement and immiscible fluids dynamics have not been explored so far in physiological systems, such as the cardiovascular system. The development of such an approach can be used to locally treat life-threatening conditions such as: clots, plaques, tumours and aneurysms- blood filled saccular lesions. Here we develop the proposed strategy while demonstrating it on treatment of brain aneurysms, where current approaches using metallic implants, carry a significant risk of procedural morbidity and increased risk of thrombolytic complication. In this research which will advance understanding in fundamental transport phenomena and work towards translation to the clinic, we aim to: 1) Fundamentals: Test and optimize the fluid trapping phenomenon in silico and in vitro in reconstructed models of aneurysms 2) In vitro to in vivo: remotely embolize aneurysms using injectable biomaterials 3) From Bench to Bed: explore a universal surface tension ‘Glider’ for sealing and localized treatment while allowing continuous blood flow.

Call for proposal

ERC-2020-COG
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Funding Scheme

ERC-COG - Consolidator Grant

Host institution

TECHNION - ISRAEL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
Address
Senate Building Technion City
32000 Haifa
Israel
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 1 982 440

Beneficiaries (1)

TECHNION - ISRAEL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
Israel
EU contribution
€ 1 982 440
Address
Senate Building Technion City
32000 Haifa
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments