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Biogenic emissions in mediterranean area - Phase II:-1996-1997

Project information

Grant agreement ID: ENV4950014

  • Start date

    1 February 1996

  • End date

    31 January 1998

Funded under:

FP4-ENV 2C

Coordinated by:

NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF ITALY

Italy

Objective


To complete the collection of emission and concentration data of selected gases from vegetation by supplementary in-field measuring campaigns, scaling-up these data to the entire Mediterranean area.

The Biogenic Emissions in the Mediterranean Area (BEMA) project is a European project with the primary aim
of quantifying the emission rates of selected reactive gases from vegetation to the atmosphere in the
Mediterranean Basin. The project is focussed on those trace gas species that take an active part in tropospheric
photochemistry especially reactive volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and reactive oxygenated species. The
data are of value for the parameterisation of tropospheric chemistry models and in particular for the assessment
of the role of these compounds to ozone formation. The BEMA project has been divided into two phases. The
first one, partially accomplished within the frame of the Environment programme for the period 1994-1995
funded by the EC as BEMA - Phase I, has been focussed on a series of intensive field campaigns carried out
at different test sites representative of Mediterranean ecosystems in Italy, France and Spain. Emission fluxes
and ambient concentrations of primary compounds and their reaction products have been determined together
with the seasonal and annual variability of emission rates and concentrations.
The second phase of BEMA will focus on:
-modelling of vegetation emissions as a function of environmental and physiological parameters;
-using a GIS (Geographic Information System)-based micro- and meso-scale model to combine area/time
related data with the pertinent emission factors of the
Mediterranean Basin;
-evaluating the ozone forming potential of biogenic VOCs with respect to the anthropogenic ones
(backed by laboratory experiments) by means of photochemical models.

Coordinator

NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF ITALY

Address

Unical-Polifunzionale
87036 Rende

Italy

Participants (16)

COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES

Italy

Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas

Spain

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FOERDERUNG DER ANGEWANDTEN FORSCHUNG E.V.

Germany

FUNDACION CENTRO DE ESTUDIOS AMBIENTALES DEL MEDITERRANEO

Spain

GSF-Forschungszentrum für Umwelt und Gesundheit GmbH

Germany

Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse

France

Instituto de Salud 'Carlos III'

Spain

LUDWIG-MAXIMILIANS UNIVERSITY OF MUNICH

Germany

MAX-PLANCK-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FOERDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN E.V.

Germany

NATIONAL CENTRE FOR SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH 'DEMOKRITOS'

Greece

Risø National Laboratory

Denmark

UNIVERSIT DEGLI STUDI DELLA TUSCIA

Italy

UNIVERSITE PAUL SABATIER DE TOULOUSE III

France

UNIVERSITY OF LANCASTER

United Kingdom

UNIVERSITY OF ROME "LA SAPIENZA"

Italy

Université de Grenoble I (Université Joseph Fourier)

France

Project information

Grant agreement ID: ENV4950014

  • Start date

    1 February 1996

  • End date

    31 January 1998

Funded under:

FP4-ENV 2C

Coordinated by:

NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF ITALY

Italy