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Review of molten salt reactor technology

Objective

However promising may be the MSR performances emphasized and before starting any more detailed studies of new MSR concepts, key points concerning mainly the chemical aspect of the Molten Salt technology must be deeply analysed. A large amount of work was performed between the 60's and 80's by ORNL, in Europe and in former Soviet Union. Some knowledge is available in literature and in laboratories. There is a need to analyse data and experiments available. The objectives are the evaluation of MSR based on comprehensive understanding of physical and chemical characteristics, and the achievement of models required for this evaluation. The project is largely based on the assessment of the state of the art in Europe and in other countries in order to establish the requirements in future R&D programs. An exploration of the most promising options will be don e in the fields of salt characterization and materials in order to validate the analysis based on the review of studied projects.

The renewed interest in MSR takes place in reviewing innovative systems in European countries in order to bring adequate answers to the constraints weighing on the future of the nuclear energy in terms of cost, safety, environmental impact and public acceptance, and to keep open the nuclear option in the following years. Indeed, the MSR concept presents a number of significant advantages, as regards key points for future nuclear systems, like waste management, efficiency of the system, use of fissile materials, or non-proliferation issues. In particular, the high MSR potentiality to reduce strongly the long lived wastes due to high burn up and on-site simplified processing, explains the development of new MSR concepts. The objectives are the re-evaluation of previous projects with new objectives and the evaluation of the new Molten Salt Reactors concepts, with the determination of the key points for feasibility, safety and efficiency of these innovative systems.

Funding Scheme

CON - Coordination of research actions

Coordinator

COMMISSARIAT A L'ENERGIE ATOMIQUE
Address
Cea/saclay
91191 Gif Sur Yvette
France

Participants (16)

BELGONUCLEAIRE SA
Belgium
Address
Avenue Ariane 4
1200 Bruxelles
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE
France
Address
Rue Berbier-du-mets 20
75013 Paris
COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES
Germany
Address
Hermann-von-helmholtz Platz 1
76125 Karlsruhe
ELECTRICITE DE FRANCE
France
Address
1,Avenue Du Général De Gaulle 1
92141 Clamart
ENERGOVYZKUM SPOL. LTD
Czechia
Address
17,Bozetechova 17
612 00 Brno
FORSCHUNGSZENTRUM JUELICH GMBH
Germany
Address
Wilhelm-johnen-straße
52425 Juelich
FORSCHUNGSZENTRUM KARLSRUHE GMBH - TECHNIK UND UMWELT
Germany
Address

76021 Karlsruhe
INSTITUT NATIONAL POLYTECHNIQUE DE GRENOBLE
France
Address
46 Avenue Felix Viallet
Grenoble
ITALIAN AGENCY FOR NEW TECHNOLOGY, ENERGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT
Italy
Address
Via Martiri Di Monte Sole 4
40129 Bologna
NUCLEAR RESEARCH INSTITUTE REZ A.S.
Czechia
Address

250 68 Rez - Praha
OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY
United States
Address
Bear Creek Road
37831-8063 Oak Ridge
POLITECNICO DI TORINO
Italy
Address
Corso Duca Degli Abruzzi 24
Torino (Turin)
RESEARCH CENTER ROSSENDORF
Germany
Address

01314 Weissig - Dresden
ROYAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
Sweden
Address
Lindstedtvägen 20
10044 Stockholm
SKODA JS A.S.
Czechia
Address
Orlik 266
316 06 Plzen
UNIVERSITE JOSEPH FOURIER - GRENOBLE 1
France
Address
Avenue Des Martyrs 53
38026 Grenoble