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Development of optical remote sensing instruments for volcanological applications

Development of optical remote sensing instruments for volcanological applications

Objective

Volcanic emission significantly contributes to the global source of several atmospheric gases and aerosols. Measurements of volcanic gas fluxes yield vital information on magmatic conditions and processes; also they are important parameters for hazard assessment and risk mitigation. This project aims to develop robust and reliable optical remote sensing instruments and measurement strategies for surveillance of volcanic emissions of SO2, halogen species (and possibly CO2 and H2O) with high time resolution (1-5 min.) and to test and demonstrate their use in field experiments (Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat, and Mount Etna, Italy). Spectroscopic methods allow remote, non-invasive, quantitative multi-component observations. Building on recent advances in passive remote sensing techniques, new monitoring capabilities for remote and automated measurement of volcanic gas fluxes by various novel techniques including tomographic approaches will be developed.

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Coordinator

CHALMERS UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY

Address

Kemigarden 3
412 96 Goeteborg

Sweden

Administrative Contact

Holger BROMAN (Professor)

Participants (5)

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FUNDACION CENTRO DE ESTUDIOS AMBIENTALES DEL MEDITERRANEO

Spain

GOETEBORG UNIVERSITY

Sweden

RUPRECHT-KARLS-UNIVERSITAET HEIDELBERG

Germany

THE UNIVERSITY OF THE BASQUE COUNTRY

Spain

University of Cambridge

United Kingdom

Project information

Grant agreement ID: EVG1-CT-2002-00060

  • Start date

    1 October 2002

  • End date

    30 September 2005

Funded under:

FP5-EESD

  • Overall budget:

    € 834 998

  • EU contribution

    € 786 640

Coordinated by:

CHALMERS UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY

Sweden