Common programmes in the early trade contacts and history of the Arabian Peninsula have associated for more than ten years l'Institut de Recherches et d'Etudes sur le Monde Arabe et Musulman in Aix-en-Provence, the Sanaa branch of the German Archaeological Institute, the Pisa University, the Istituto Universitario Orientale in Naples, the Institute of Oriental Studies Russian Academy of Sciences and its St-Petersburg branch and the Institute of Archaeology Russian Academy of Sciences. Exchanges of scholars, publications, scientific data and doctoral students of the above mentioned institutions have been very active and numerous over the past ten years, resulting into detailed joint programme presented above as well as into joint projects funded by INTAS previously.
The main objectives of the project will be to study trade contacts between Hadramawt, Eastern Arabia, India and Mediterranean region from the earliest times to the fall of the Classical Civilisations; to determine the place of the pre-Islamic Hadramawt Cultural Complex among contemporary Sayhadic cultures created in South West Arabia by Semitic tribes (Sabaeans, Qatabanians, Mineans, Himyarites); to investigate specific features of the original Hadramawt literate tradition, the consequent development of graphic style of monumental inscriptions, and its correlation with archaeological data; to study the unity of traditions in Hadrami material and literate culture in the late 2nd millennium BC - first half of the 1st millennium AD in the vast region between Wadi Girdan and Dhofar; to present a corpus of mapped archaeological monuments of Hadramawt from the Late Neolithic period to the time of the Late Himyaritic Kingdom; to publish Hadramawt monumental inscriptions found during the excavations and surveys of the Russian, German, French and Italian archaeological missions.
The result of this interdisciplinary programme will appear as a series of monographs in English (two volumes of the "Inventaire des antiquites sudarabiques", "Prehistorical Monuments of Wadi Hadramawt" and "South Arabian Sites in the Wadi Hadramawt" respectively) and in French (two volumes of "Inventaire des inscriptions sudarabiques", namely "Inscriptions from Kafas/Na'man temple" and "Inscriptions from Rahban temple", and several fascicules under the common title "Inscriptions from Shabwa, Wadi Hadramawt and Sumhuram", and a publication of the "Periplus Maris Erythraeum" with detailed commentaries).
191186 St. Petersburg