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The development of national, ethnolinguistic and religious identity in children and adolescents living in the NIS

Objective

The objectives of the project are:
(i) To investigate, within a transnational framework, the development of national, ethnolinguistic and religious identity in children and adolescents living in Russia, Ukraine, Georgia and Azerbaijan;
(ii) To compare the identity development of these children and adolescents with the identity development of children and adolescents living in five different regions of the United Kingdom and Spain (England, Scotland, the Basque Country, Catalonia and Andalucia);
(iii) To document the similarities and differences which occur in the development of national, ethnolinguistic and religious identity in children and adolescents growing up in these different environments;
(iv) To document how children's and adolescents' self-categorizations and subjective identifications, and how their attitudes, beliefs and feelings concerning national, ethnolinguistic and religious groups, vary as a function of:
(a) their social background (as defined by their own nationality, ethnolinguistic group, religion, geographical location, and parents' demographic origins);
(b) their contact with members of other national, ethnolinguistic and religious groups;
(v) To formulate a general model of the social and psychological processes which operate in this developmental domain, focussing particularly upon the relationship between the cognitive and the affective components of children's psychological functioning, and specifying the principal psychological parameters within which children acquire their national, ethnolinguistic and religious identities.

In order to achieve these objectives, one main study and a series of satellite studies will be conducted. In the main study, data will be collected from 8 different groups of children living in Russia, Ukraine, Georgia and Azerbaijan: Russian children living in Smolensk; Russian children living in Moscow; Ukrainian children living in Kharkov; Russian children living in Kharkov; Georgian children living in Tbilisi; children living in Tbilisi who are receiving their education in Russian; Azeri Muslim children living in Baku who are receiving their education in Azeri; Azeri Muslim children living in Baku who are receiving their education in both Azeri and Russian. Within each of these 8 groups, data will be collected from 4 cohorts of children aged 6, 9, 12 and 15 years old. 60 children at each age from within each group will be tested, the total sample size being 1920 children. Measures of the following variables will be taken from each child: (i) The children's self-categorizations and subjective identifications at a variety of levels, including their national, ethnolinguistic and religious identities. (ii) The children's beliefs about the members of their own ingroups. (iii) The children's feelings about the members of their own ingroups;
(iv) The children's beliefs about selected outgroups;
(v) The children's feelings about selected outgroups;
(vi) The children's contact with members of other national, ethnolinguistic and religious groups. (vii) Biographical and demographic information about the children and the children's parents. The data collected from these children will be compared with data, which has already been collected from 1700 children living in England, Scotland, the Basque Country, Catalonia and Andalucia. The data will be used to identify the similarities and differences, which occur in the development of national, ethnolinguistic and religious identity in children and adolescents growing up in different social environments.

In addition to this main study, a series of satellite studies will be conducted. Some of these studies will use other methods of investigation (including open-ended qualitative interviews, written narratives, projective drawings and play biographies) to explore the more subjective aspects of identity development. Satellite studies will also investigate possible sources of children's representations of national and ethnic groups (including folklore and history textbooks) and identity development in children belonging to special minority groups (including Nekrasovtsy Cossacks, Crimean Tatars, and Azeris living in rural Georgia).

The data from both the main study and the satellite studies will be used to formulate a general model of the social and psychological processes which are responsible for the development of national, ethnolinguistic and religious identity in children and adolescents.

Coordinator

University of Surrey
Address

GU2 5XH Guildford
United Kingdom

Participants (8)

Azerbaijan Pedagogical Institute for Russian Language and Literature
Azerbaijan
Address
Kasumov Street, 1
370601 Baku
Institute of Psychology
Georgia
Address
Iashvili Street 22
380007 Tbilisi
Kharkov State University
Ukraine
Address
Svobody Sq., 4
310077 Kharkov
Russian Academy of Sciences
Russia
Address
13 Yaroslavskaya
129366 Moscow
Universidad de Girona
Spain
Address
Pla?a Sant Domenec, 9
17071 Girona
University of Dundee
United Kingdom
Address
Perth Road
DD1 4HN Dundee
University of Malaga
Spain
Address
Campus De Teatinos
29071 Malaga
University of the Basque Country
Spain
Address
Tolosa Hiribidea 70
20009 Donostia, San Sebastian