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The royal Arzhan-2 monument and the Scythian world of Eurasia in the 1st millenium BC (chronology, environment, society and economy)

Objective

The project is focused on solving problems of the contacts and interactions of the Eurasian Scythian cultures. Archaeological and radiocarbon data will allow determination of the location of the unique Scythian period Arzhan-2 monument in the system of Eurasian Scythia cultures. Through construction of a tree-ring chronology and radiocarbon dating, the chronological position of the Arzhan-2 monuments will be determined on the calendar time scale using high-precision measurements, "wiggle-matching" and mathematical statistical methods. The provenances of the metal, alloys and ceramic artifacts will be achieved by isotopic analyses using modern equipment with high precision. The comparison of the results obtained for the European and Asian Scythian period monuments will help to answer questions about the trade and cultural contacts between Eurasian Scythian nomads which are so far unresolved. The Scythian cultures in Southern Siberia and Central Asia suddenly appeared at the beginning of the 9-8th centuries BC. They then spread to occupy the entire Eurasian steppes. To understand the reasons for and the routes of migration it is necessary to reconstruct the environmental conditions. This research will be done using pollen analysis, geochemical analysis of the burial soils, peat and lakes deposits supplemented by the stable isotope analysis of bone remains. These complex investigations of Eurasian Scythia using different scientific disciplines will allow a more complete view of the environment, history, society and economy to be formed of the Scythian nomads in the 1st millennium BC over the wide space of the Eurasian steppes.

Leaflet | Map data © OpenStreetMap contributors, Credit: EC-GISCO, © EuroGeographics for the administrative boundaries

Coordinator

GLASGOW UNIVERSITY

Address

University Gardens
Glasgow

United Kingdom

Administrative Contact

Marian SCOTT (Professor)

Participants (9)

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Deutsches Archaologisches Institut

Germany

Far East Branch of Russian Institute for Volcanic Geology and Geochemistry Institute of Volcanic Geology

Russia

Ministry of Natural Resources All-Russian Scientific research

Russia

Russian Academy of Science History of Material Culture

Russia

Russian Academy of Science Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute

Russia

State Hermitage Museum

Russia

University of Amsterdam Instiute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem dynamics

Netherlands

University of Groningen

Netherlands

University of Helsinki

Finland

Project information

Grant agreement ID: INTAS 2003-51-4445

  • Start date

    1 April 2004

  • End date

    31 March 2007

Funded under:

IC-INTAS

Coordinated by:

GLASGOW UNIVERSITY

United Kingdom