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BIOMASS FUELL CELL UTILITY SYSTEM

Objective

Energy from Biomass needs highly efficient small-scale energy systems in order to achieve cost effective solutions for decentralized generation especially in Mediterranean and Southern areas, and for applications without adequate heat consumer. Thus fuel cells are an attractive option for decentralized generation from biomass and agricultural residues but they have to meet at least two outstanding challenges: 1. Fuel cell materials and the gas cleaning technologies have to treat high dust loads of the fuel gas and pollutants like tars, alkalines and heavy metals. 2. The system integration has to allow efficiencies of at least 40-50 percent even within a power range of few tens or hundreds of kW. This proposal addresses in particular these two aims. Hence the first part of the project will focus on the investigation of the impact of these pollutants on degradation and performance characteristics of SOFC fuel cells in order to specify the requirements for appropriate gas cleaning system (WP 1-2). These tests will be performed at six existing gasification sites, which represent the most common and applicable gasification technologies. WP 3 will finally test and demonstrate the selected gas cleaning technologies in order to verify the specifications obtained from the gasification tests. The results will be used for the development, installation and testing of an innovative SOFC - Gasification concept, which will especially match the particular requirements of fuel cell systems for the conversion of biomass feedstock. The innovative concept comprises to heat an allothermal gasifier with the exhaust heat of the fuel cell by means of liquid metal heat pipes. Internal cooling of the stack and the recirculation of waste heat increases the system efficiency significantly. This so-called TopCycle concept promises electrical efficiencies of above 50 percent even for small-scale systems without any combined processes.

Call for proposal

FP6-2002-ENERGY-1
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

STREP - Specific Targeted Research Project

Coordinator

TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITAET MUENCHEN
Address
Arcisstrasse 21
München
Germany

Participants (15)

ARISTOTLE UNIVERSITY OF THESSALONIKI
Greece
Address
Administration Building-university Campus
Thessaloniki
COWI A/S
Denmark
Address
Parallelvej 2
Lyngby
D.M.2 VERWERTUNGSTECHNOLOGIEN DR. MÜHLEN GMBH & CO. KG
Germany
Address
Konrad-adenauer-strasse 9-13
Herten
ENERGY RESEARCH CENTRE OF THE NETHERLANDS
Netherlands
Address
Westerduinweg 3
Petten
HTM REETZ GMBH
Germany
Address
Koepenicker Str. 325
Berlin
IT CONSULT GMBH
Germany
Address
Klosterstr. 33
Lilienthal
MAB ANLAGENBAU AUSTRIA GMBH & COKG
Austria
Address
Oberlaar Strasse 331
Vienna
NATIONAL TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY OF ATHENS
Greece
Address
Heroon Polytechniou 9
Athens
PROTOTECH AS
Norway
Address
Fantoftveien 38
Bergen
SIEMENS - ERLANGEN
Germany
Address
Freyeslebenstrasse 1
Erlangen
TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY OF DENMARK
Denmark
Address
Anker Engelundsvej 1
Lyngby
TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITAET GRAZ
Austria
Address
Rechbauerstrasse 12
Graz
TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITEIT DELFT
Netherlands
Address
Julianalaan 134
Delft
UNIVERSITY OF LJUBJANA, FACULTY OF CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY
Slovenia
Address
Askerceva 5
Ljubljana
UNIVERSITY OF STUTTGART
Germany
Address
Keplerstr. 7
Stuttgart