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Tracking surrogates for intraspecific biodiversity: towards efficient selection strategies for the conservation of natural genetic resources using comparative mapping and modelling approaches

Objective

Species richness is the most widely used measure for biodiversity assessment. However it is intraspecific diversity (genetic polymorphism) that represents the evolutionary and adaptive potential of each species in changing environments. We propose to study possible correlations between intraspecific diversity and species richness or habitat variation. Our objectives are:
(i) to find and explain possible relationships among inter- and intraspecific plant diversity and habitat variation,
(ii) to elaborate a modelling approach to predict intraspecific plant diversity, using more efficiently accessible surrogates, on a large scale,
(iii) to establish tools for the design of a network of protected areas to effectively ensure the sustainable management of natural genetic resources. We will ask the following questions, using the Alps and the Carpathians as model systems:
(i) is there congruence between intra-/interspecific biodiversity?
(ii) Do areas of high endemism, often coinciding with glacial refugia, harbour a great degree of intraspecific diversity?
(iii) Is habitat variation, characterised by environmental parameters, a good surrogate for intra- and interspecific diversity? In order to accomplish our aims, we will map the intraspecific diversity by using molecular markers in 25 model species, map the species richness on the same area using mainly existing data on plant distributions, compile environmental data for a map of habitat diversity, compare theses maps to find possible correlations among these variables. Based on modelling and simulation techniques, we will develop a web-based public platform for efficiently selecting nature reserve networks which comprise the highest proportion of both intra- and interspecific diversities. Our integrative approach should help to better understand and predict ecosystem patterns on a large scale. The established platform will provide an innovative and efficient technology for observing and managing biodiversity.

Call for proposal

FP6-2002-GLOBAL-1
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Funding Scheme

STREP - Specific Targeted Research Project

Coordinator

UNIVERSITÉ JOSEPH FOURIER
Address

Grenoble
France

Participants (13)

UNIVERSITA CATTOLICA DEL SACRO CUORE
Italy
Address
Largo Agostino Gemelli, 1
Milano
UNIVERSITÉ DE NEUCHÂTEL
Switzerland
Address
Av. Du 1Er- Mars 26
Neuchâtel
EIDGENÖSSISCHE FORSCHUNGSANSTALT WSL
Switzerland
Address
Zuercherstrasse 111
Birmensdorf
UNIVERSITÄT REGENSBURG
Germany
Address
Universitätsstr. 31
Regensburg
UNIVERZA V LJUBLJANI
Slovenia
Address
Kongresni Trg 12
362 Ljubljana
UNIVERSITA DI TRIESTE
Italy
Address
Piazzale Europa, 1
Trieste
BOTANICKÝ ÚSTAV SLOVENSKEJ AKADÉMIE VIED
Slovakia
Address
Dúbravská Cesta 14
Bratislava
INSTITUTUL DE CERCETARI BIOLOGICE CLUJ-NAPOCA
Romania
Address
Republicii Nr.48
229 Cluj-napoca
INSTYTUT BOTANIKI IM. W. SZAFERA, POLSKA AKADEMIA NAUK
Poland
Address
Lubicz 46
Kraków
MEDIAS-FRANCE
France
Address
Cnes, 18 Avenue E. Belin
BPi 2102 Toulouse
PARC NATIONAL DU MERCANTOUR
France
Address
23 Rue D'italie'
BP 1316 Nice
PARCO NATURALE ALPI MARITTIME
Italy
Address
Corso Dante Livio Bianco 5
Valdieri
VITAMIB SARL
France
Address
29 Boulevard Des Alpes
Meylan Cedex