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Towards DNA chip technology as a standard analytical tool for the identification of marine organisms in biodiversity and ecosystem science

Objective

Sustainable development is a fundamental goal of the European Union and loss of biodiversity is emphasised as one of the main threats to it. However, biodiversity and ecosystems of European Seas are under human impact, such as pollution, eutrophication, and overfishing. Therefore it is necessary to monitor changes in biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. The aim of the project is the development of DNA chips for the identification of marine organisms in European Seas as a cost effective, reliable and efficient technology in biodiversity and ecosystem science. Many marine organisms, such as eggs and larvae of fishes, plankton, and benthic invertebrates, are difficult to identify by morphological characters. The classical methods are extremely time consuming and require a high degree of taxonomie expertise. Consequently, the basic step of identifying such organisms is a major bottleneck in biodiversity and ecosystem science. Therefore, the project seeks to demonstrate that DNA chips can be a new powerful and innovative tool for the identification of marine organisms. Three DNA chips for the identification of fishes, phytoplankton, and invertebrates of European Seas will be developed. These chips will facilitate research on dispersal of ichthyoplankton, monitoring of phytoplankton, and identification of bioindicators as well as prey in gut contents analysis. To achieve this goal a combined biological and technical approach has been initiated: The biological material will be sampled by marine biologists. The next step is the sequencing of suitable molecular markers for probe design. The technical part consists mainly in constructing gene probe libraries and determining their specificity. This will be done by biotech research centres in connection with SMEs engaged in bioinformatics and DNA chip technology. Therefore the project has the potential to bring Europe's marine biotechnology to the forefront of this field.

Call for proposal

FP6-2002-GLOBAL-1
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

STREP - Specific Targeted Research Project

Coordinator

UNIVERSITAET BREMEN
Address
Bibliothekstrasse 1
Bremen
Germany

Participants (11)

PICORAPID TECHNOLOGIE GMBH
Germany
Address
Fahrenheitstrasse 1
Bremen
UNIVERSIDAD DE OVIEDO
Spain
Address
Plaza De Riego 4 (Edificio Histórico)
Oviedo
INFOCONSULT GESELLSCHAFT FUER INFORMATIONSTECHNIK MBH
Germany
Address
Universitaetsallee 17
Bremen
PROKARIA EHF
Iceland
Address
Gylfaflöt 5
Reykjavik
INSTITUTE OF MARINE BIOLOGY OF CRETE
Greece
Address
Former American Base, Goyrnes
2214 Heraklio
ALFRED-WEGENER-INSTITUT FUER POLAR- UND MEERESFORSCHUNG
Germany
Address
Columbusstrasse
160121 Bremerhaven
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE
France
Address
Rue Michel Ange N°3
Paris
EXIQON A/S
Denmark
Address
Bygstubben 9
Vedback
ALMA MATER STUDIORUM-UNIVERSITA DI BOLOGNA
Italy
Address
Piazza Kennedy 12
Ravenna
MUSTAFA KEMAL UNIVERSITY
Turkey
Address
Tayfur Sokmen Campus
Antakya / Hatay
HELLENIC CENTRE FOR MARINE RESEARCH
Greece
Address
47Th Km Athens - Sounio Av., Mavro Lithari
712 Anavissos, Attica