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Understanding the Dynamics of the Coupled Climate System

Objective

Deeper understanding of the intrinsic variability and stability properties of the main climate variability modes is needed to assess confidence in the detection, attribution and prediction of global and regional climate change, to improve seasonal predictions, and to understand the shortcomings of current prediction systems. DYNAMITE will explore the fundamental dynamical mechanisms of two of the most important modes of climate variability: the North Atlantic Oscillation/Arctic Oscillation (NAO/AO) and the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO). The project will elucidate key theoretical and practical aspects of the NAO/AO and ENSO through analyses of available observations, application of classical and new theory, and use of idealised and state-of-the-art numerical models of the atmosphere, ocean, land-surface, sea-ice, marine biology, and the coupled climate system. Specifically, DYNAMITE will advance the understanding of strongly and weakly coupled processes underlying the natural variability of ENSO and NAO/AO; it will evaluate the representation of the coupled processes underlying ENSO and the NAO in state-of-the-art models used to predict climate change; it will advance understanding of the response of ENSO and NAO/AO to climate change; and it will assess the role of ocean biology in the variability of the tropical coupled climate system, including ENSO. DYNAMITE will be implemented by a partnership of world class climate research institutions, including a candidate country and several SMEs. All of the results and findings gained in DYNAMITE will be transferred to the climate modelling community both in and outside Europe by bi-annual electronic newsletters and a dedicated and open DYNAMITE model workshop at the end of the project. DYNAMITE will improve the European capability to make predictions of the state of the climate system from seasons to centuries ahead, thereby contributing to the competitiveness and sustainability of the European Union.

Coordinator

STIFTELSEN NANSEN SENTER FOR FJERNMAALING

Address

Thormoehlensgate 47
Bergen

Norway

Participants (12)

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ADMINISTRATIA NATIONALA DE METEOROLOGIE

Romania

BERGENSHALVOEENS KOMMUNALE KRAFTSELSKAP RAADGIVING AS

Norway

CENTRE EUROPEEN DE RECHERCHE ET DE FORMATION AVANCEE EN CALCUL SCIENTIFIQUE

France

CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE

France

CHINESE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES - INSTITUTE OF ATMOSPHERIC PHYSICS (IAP,CAS)

China

ISTITUTO NAZIONALE DI GEOFISICA E VULCANOLOGIA

Italy

LEIBNIZ INSTITUT FUER MEERESWISSENSCHAFTEN

Germany

MET OFFICE

United Kingdom

SOCIETA GENERALE DI INGEGNERIA - S.G.I. SPA

Italy

UNIVERSITY OF READING

United Kingdom

VESTAS ASIA PACIFIC A/S

Denmark

VEXCEL UK LIMITED

United Kingdom

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 3903

  • Start date

    1 March 2005

  • End date

    29 February 2008

Funded under:

FP6-SUSTDEV

  • Overall budget:

    € 3 122 214

  • EU contribution

    € 1 999 998

Coordinated by:

STIFTELSEN NANSEN SENTER FOR FJERNMAALING

Norway