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Secondary Marine Aerosol Production from Natural Sources

Secondary Marine Aerosol Production from Natural Sources

Objective

Marine aerosol contributes significantly to the global radiative budget and consequently, changes in marine aerosol abundance and/or chemical composition will impact on climate change. Various climate feedback mechanisms have been proposed involving the sulphur, sea-salt, iodine and organic sea-spray cycles; however, all cycles and their impacts on aerosol haze and cloud layers remains poorly quantified.

MAP will consolidate the current state-of-the-art in the fields of aerosol nucleation and growth and primary marine aerosol (PMA) production to quantify the key processes associated with primary and secondary marine aerosol (SMA) production from natural sources. MAP will focus on the newly identified aerosol formation mechanisms involving iodine oxides, for secondary aerosol production, and the primary production of marine organic matter aerosols produced by plankton and transferred to the atmosphere via the bubble bursting process at the ocean surface. Key processes will be identified, parameterized and implemented in a Global/Regional-scale chemical transport model and in a regional climate model.

Combining the knowledge gathered on key processes with satellite-derived information on oceanic and meteorological parameters, an algorithm will be developed to produce a Sea-Spray Source Function (S3F) which will subsequently be used in large scale models to quantify the impacts of marine aerosols. The algorithm and it's application will be proposed as a service contributing to GMES/GEOSS. Similarly, an organo-iodine source function will also be developed. The impact of marine aerosol on atmospheric chemistry, radiative forcing and climate will be evaluated using the large-scale models.

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Coordinator

NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF IRELAND, GALWAY

Address

University Road
Galway

Ireland

Administrative Contact

Colin O'DOWD (Professor)

Participants (15)

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COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES - DIRECTORATE GENERAL JOINT RESEARCH CENTRE

Belgium

CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE

Italy

HELSINGIN YLIOPISTO

Finland

ILMATIETEEN LAITOS

Finland

JOHANNES GUTENBERG UNIVERSITAET MAINZ

Germany

KUOPION YLIOPISTO

Finland

MAX PLANCK GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FOERDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN E.V.

Germany

NEDERLANDSE ORGANISATIE VOOR TOEGEPAST NATUURWETENSCHAPPELIJK ONDERZOEK - TNO

Netherlands

RUPRECHT-KARLS-UNIVERSITAET HEIDELBERG

Germany

STOCKHOLMS UNIVERSITET

Sweden

THE UNIVERSITY OF MANCHESTER

United Kingdom

UNIVERSITA POLITECNICA DELLE MARCHE

Italy

UNIVERSITY OF CRETE

Greece

UNIVERSITY OF EAST ANGLIA

United Kingdom

UNIVERSITY OF YORK

United Kingdom

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 18332

  • Start date

    15 September 2005

  • End date

    14 March 2009

Funded under:

FP6-SUSTDEV

  • Overall budget:

    € 3 049 816

  • EU contribution

    € 2 599 515

Coordinated by:

NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF IRELAND, GALWAY

Ireland