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Exploitation of natural plant biodiversity for the pesticide-free production of food

Exploitation of natural plant biodiversity for the pesticide-free production of food

Objective

The aim of this project is to force a break-through in breeding for resistance to fungal pathogens using genomicsand post-genomics tools to exploit natural host plant resistance. Two strategies will be followed to design newresistant varieties: i) marker-a ssisted breeding and ii) genetic engineering. In the shade of the discussions onGMOs, marker-assisted breeding has gone through a silent revolution and has become a realistic option fordeveloping new varieties with multiple resistances. Selecting plants at the seedling stage using molecularmarkers shortens the time considerably between the first cross involving wild species and introduction on themarket, for some crops even with 50%. It has been estimated that less than 0.1 % of the biodiversity inresistanc e is being used in commercial varieties. A major goal of this project is to exploit these genetic resourcesfor breeding resistant varieties, either made with or without genetic engineering. The relative importance of GMtechniques for the SMEs to develop ne w varieties for the regular market in this project is difficult to predict. The fact that the GM approaches used in this IP will only use natural resistance genes, which have been used formore than 50 years in traditional plant breeding, may have a positiv e effect on the attitude of the Europeanconsumers. Regardless the public opinion towards GM crops, marker-assisted breeding will have a high priorityin this project, because it is compatible with organic farming. Moreover, it is expected that, due to thede velopment of high through-put technologies, in various situations marker-assisted breeding will be moreefficient than GM techniques, even without considering the time consuming and costly procedures to introduceGM varieties on the European market. This Int egrated Project will focus on wheat and potato - the two mostimportant staple crops for all consumers in the EU - for which pesticides, mainly fungicides, #

Coordinator

WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITY

Address

Costerweg 50
9101 Wageningen

Netherlands

Administrative Contact

Jaap BAKKER (Professor)

Participants (41)

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INSTITUT NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE AGRONOMIQUE

France

SCOTTISH CROP RESEARCH INSTITUTE

United Kingdom

JOHN INNES CENTRE

United Kingdom

THE SAINSBURY LABORATORY

United Kingdom

UNIVERSITY OF DUNDEE

United Kingdom

ROTHAMSTED RESEARCH

United Kingdom

INSTITUTE OF PLANT GENETICS AND CROP PLANT RESEARCH

Germany

STICHTING DIENST LANDBOUWKUNDIG ONDERZOEK

Netherlands

STICHTING DIENST LANDBOUWKUNDIG ONDERZOEK

Netherlands

UNIVERSITY OF COPENHANGEN

Denmark

UNIVERSITY OF AARHUS

Denmark

MTT (AGRIFOOD RESEARCH FINLAND)

Finland

PLANT BREEDING AND ACCLIMATIZATION INSTITUTE

Poland

AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH ORGANIZATION, THE VOLCANI CENTER

Israel

UNIVERSITY OF HAIFA

Israel

ALMA MATER STUDIORUM UNIVERSITA' DI BOLOGNA'

Italy

NEIKER - INSTITUTO VASCO DE INVESTIGACION Y DESARROLLO AGRARIO

Spain

INSTITUTE OF BIOCHEMISTRY OF THE ROMANIAN ACADEMY

Romania

UNIVERSITY OF AMSTERDAM

Netherlands

INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE INVESTIGACIONES FORESTALES AGRICOLAS Y PECUARIAS

Mexico

EIDGENOESSISCHE TECHNISCHE HOCHSCHULE ZUERICH

Switzerland

UNIVERSITY OF ZURICH

Switzerland

AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF THE HUNGARIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

Hungary

DANMARKS TEKNISKE UNIVERSITET

Denmark

EUROPEAN ASSOCIATION FOR RESEARCH ON PLANT BREEDING

Spain

STICHTING GELDELIJKE BELANGEN VAN THE EUROPEAN ASSOCIATION FOR POTATO RESEARCH

Netherlands

KEYGENE N.V.

Netherlands

NIAB

United Kingdom

SOCIETA PRODUTTORI SEMENTI S.P.A.

Italy

STICHTING STIMULERING AARDAPPELONDERZOEK

Netherlands

FEDERATION NATIONALE DES PRODUCTEURS DE PLANTS DE POMME DE TERRE

France

BIOPLANTE

France

AGROVEGETAL S.A.

Spain

ZAMARTE POTATO BREEDING LTD

Poland

DANKO HODOWLA ROSLIN SP.Z O.O.

Poland

AGRUPACION DE PRODUCTORES DE PATATA DE SIEMBRA DE CASTILLA Y LEON S.A.

Spain

SAATEN-UNION RESISTENZLABOR GMBH

Germany

SOLANA RESEACH GMBH

Germany

AIT AUSTRIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY GMBH

Austria

KWS LOCHOW GMBH

Germany

MAX-PLANCK-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FOERDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN E.V., VERTRETEN DURCH DAS MAX-PLANCK-INSITUT FÜR ZUECHTUNGSFORSCHUNG

Germany

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 513959

  • Start date

    1 October 2005

  • End date

    31 March 2011

Funded under:

FP6-FOOD

  • Overall budget:

    € 22 405 490

  • EU contribution

    € 15 785 636

Coordinated by:

WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITY

Netherlands