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Developing drought-resistant cereals to support efficient water use in the Mediterranean area

Objective

Limited water resources are now a major challenge to World food security esp. in many developing countries such as those in the Mediterranean basin. Cereal cultivation, including rice and wheat, requires a tremendous amount of water, and any deficiency can severely affect yield. CEDROME aims to develop drought resistant cereals to support the efficient use of water supplies in the Mediterranean area. Additionally, development of drought resistant cereals will also facilitate increased agricultural productio n by making use of large areas of yet underdeveloped dry lands. With the available genomic sequence, the well-defined genetic maps and large collection of mutation and insertion lines, rice is the obvious model for this research. The knowledge obtained and functional genes identified from rice can be extrapolated in the improvement of other cereal crops such as wheat, barley and sorghum since they are closely related. This multi-disciplinary project combines European and MPC expertise in classical breeding, plant physiology and cereal crop biotechnology to assist the development of a new generation of wheat and upland rice varieties with enhanced drought resistance. 2 Chinese partners in this project provide expertise in cereal biotechnolog, as well as valua ble breeding tools and materials. Molecular markers will be used to identify drought-related loci. Conventional breeding will be used to combine drought resistance genes in new cultivars and new candidate drought resistance genes will be identified. Constr ucts will be made with these new and existing putativedrought resistance genes and transgenic rice and wheat plants will be evaluated in various countries under different growing conditions. In addition genetic approaches will be taken to identify new gene s from different mutagenized populations. Results of this project will support sustainable development in the Mediterranean area and will also be applicable to other cereal-growing countries.

Call for proposal

FP6-2003-INCO-MPC-2
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Coordinator

LEIDEN UNIVERSITY
Address
Rapenburg 70
Leiden
Netherlands

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Participants (10)

INSTITUTE OF BOTANY, CHINESE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES
China
Address
20 Nanxincun, Xiangshan, Haidian District
Beijing

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CENTRE DE COOPÉRATION INTERNATIONALE EN RECHERCHE AGRONOMIQUE POUR LE DÉVELOPPEMENT
France
Address
42 Rue Scheffer
Paris

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CONSIGLIO PER LA RICERCA E SPERIMENTAZIONE IN AGRICOLTURE (C.R.A.) - ISTITUTO SPERIMENTALE PER LA CEREALICOLTURA
Italy
Address
Via Cassia 176
Rome

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HUAZHONG AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY
China
Address
Shi-zhi-shan Street, No. 1
Wuhan

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AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CENTER - RICE RESEARCH PROGRAMAGRICULTURAL GENETIC ENGINEERING RESEARCH INSTITUTE (AGERI)
Egypt
Address
9 Gamma Street
Giza

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CENTER DE BIOTECHNOLGIE DE SFAX
Tunisia
Address
Route De Sokra Km 4
1117 Sfax

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UNIV. CADI AYYAD, FACULTÉ DES SCIENCES SEMLALIA MARRAKECH-MOROCCO
Morocco
Address
Bd My Abdallah
Marrakech

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CHINA AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY
China
Address
No.2 Yuan Ming Yuan West Road, Haidian District
Beijing

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THE UNIVERSITY COURT OF THE UNIVERSITY OF ABERDEEN
United Kingdom
Address
Kings College
Aberdeen

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CONSIGLIO PER LA RICERCA E LA SPERIMENTAZIONE IN AGRICOLTURA
Italy
Address
Via Nazionale 82
Roma

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