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Mechanical power generation based on solar Thermodynamic Engines

Objective

Main project objective is the development of an environmentally friendly improved-cost shaft power generation technology, based on solar thermal energy, optimised for supplying basic need to rural communities. The proposal focuses in the technological development of a solar thermal-driven mechanical power generation based on a solar-heated thermodynamic cycle (POWERSOL system). This technological development consists in optimising a solar-assisted thermodynamic cycle that generates mechanical power from low to medium temperature range.

The optimisation is performed by means of experimental testing of the thermodynamic cycle with selected working fluids and three solar collector prototypes. Mechanical energy could be either used to direct electricity generation (using a generator) or to brackish or seawater desalination by coupling the output to a high-pressure pump connected to a conventional reverse osmosis system.

Main specific objectives of the project are the following:
1) Modelling a solar-heated thermodynamic cycle (selecting the most suitable boundary conditions and working fluids at three different top temperature ranges).
2) Development and construction of three solar collector prototypes optimised for operating around 80ºC, 150ºC, and 200ºC. They are flat plate (static), compound parabolic concentrators (static) and parabolic trough collectors (sun- tracking), respectively.
3) Experimental testing of solar-driven mechanical power generation and solar collector prototypes.
4) Comparing the cycles at the three temperature ranges for operating autonomous or with backup at different capacity ranges.
5) Full technical evaluation of the proposed POWERSOL technology.
6) Economic assessment of the developed technology against other conventional and solar-driven techniques.
7) Assessment of final potential social impact.

Call for proposal

FP6-2004-INCO-MPC-3
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Funding Scheme

STREP - Specific Targeted Research Project

Coordinator

CENTRO DE INVESTIGACIONES ENERGETICAS, MEDIOAMBIENTALES Y TECNOLOGICAS
Address
Avda. Complutense, 22
Madrid
Spain

Participants (13)

UNIVERSIDAD DE LA LAGUNA
Spain
Address
Calle Molinos De Agua S/n
La Laguna, Sta. Cruz De Tenerife
INSTITUTO DE ENGENHARIA MECANICA
Portugal
Address
Av. Rovisco Pais
Lisboa
ETH - SWISS FEDERAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, ZURICH
Switzerland
Address
Raemistrasse 101, Eth - Zentrum
Zurich
ECOSYSTEM ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES, S.A.
Spain
Address
Travessia Turó D'en Llull, 12
Sant Andreu De Llavaneres
INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE ENGENHARIA, TECNOLOGIA E INOVAÇÃO, I.P.
Portugal
Address
Estrada Do Paço Do Luminar, 22
Lisboa
ECOLE NATIONAL D'INGENIEURS DE TUNIS
Tunisia
Address
Le Belvédère
Le Belvédère, Tunis
AIN SHAMS UNIVERSITY
Egypt
Address
Faculty Of Science, Ain Shams University, Abbassia
Cairo
LOTUS SOLAR TECHNOLGIES
Egypt
Address
Shorook 9/1 Heliopolis
Cairo
ALTERNATIVE ENERGY SYSTEMS
Tunisia
Address
Avenue Tahar Sfar, 29
Sousse
SUEZ CANAL UNIVERSITY
Egypt
Address
The New University, El-shikg Zayed
Ismailia
UNIVERSITY OF OUARGLA
Algeria
Address
Route De Ghardaia
Ouargla
UNIVERSIDAD DE SEVILLA
Spain
Address
C/ San Fernando, Nº4
Sevilla
AOSOL - ENERGIAS RENOVÁVEIS, LDA.
Portugal
Address
Edificio Petrogal, Parque Industrial Do Porto Alto, Lugar Da Sesmaria Limpa
Samora Correira