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Quantification, understanding and prediction of carbon cycle, and other GHG gases, in Sub-Saharan Africa

Objective

Africa is a region highly vulnerable to climatic change due to both ecological and socio-economic factors; however it is the least well-covered region by studies on climate change. For these reasons, the overarching goal of this project is to set up a firs t attempt of a GHG fluxes monitoring network of Africa, in order to quantify, understand and predict, by a multi-disciplinary integrated approach, GHG emissions in Sub-Saharan Africa and its associated spatial and temporal variability. We will start building on the state of the art of the carbon studies in Africa, filling the gaps of knowledge, and then we will utilize and expand existing carbon observing systems, together with the establishment of new infrastructures, improving the required monitoring systems. We also conduct specific regional studies in key areas, considering both carbon sources and sinks.

The components of the African greenhouse gas budget have so far not been adequately determined, and the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol requirements is far to be achieved. There is consequently a significant need for an assessment of the current land use change, evaluating the potential for carbon sequestration in Sub-Saharan Africa in the context of the Kyoto Protocol. The existing GHG observations capabilities for fluxes and stocks of carbon, their geographical distribution, the end users requirements for UNFCCC and IPCC guidelines implementation, will be used to design an optimal monitoring system network and the identification of its components.

The CARBOAFRICA network will contribute to the enhancement of an Earth observations system, strengthening the capacity of Europe to understand global change process. The scientific and technological results, in addition to the capacity building activities foreseen by this project, will promote the integration of the environmental dimension in the social and economic context, supporting Sub-Saharan African countries on the path of a sustainable development.

Leaflet | Map data © OpenStreetMap contributors, Credit: EC-GISCO, © EuroGeographics for the administrative boundaries

Coordinator

UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DELLA TUSCIA

Address

Via S. Maria In Gradi 4
Viterbo

Italy

Administrative Contact

Riccardo VALENTINI (Professor)

Participants (14)

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AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CORPORATION

Sudan

CENTRE DE COOPERATION INTERNATIONALE EN RECHERCHE AGRONOMIQUE POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT

France

COMMISSARIAT A L'ENERGIE ATOMIQUE (CEA)

France

CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE

Italy

CSIR - COUNCIL FOR SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH

South Africa

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANISATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS (FAO)

Italy

ISTITUTO AGRONOMICO PER L'OLTREMARE

Italy

KING'S COLLEGE LONDON

United Kingdom

LUNDS UNIVERSITET

Sweden

MAX-PLANCK-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FOERDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN E.V.

Germany

NATURAL ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH COUNCIL

United Kingdom

SECONDA UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI NAPOLI

Italy

UNITE DE RECHERCHE SUR LA PRODUCTIVITE DES PLANTATIONS INDUSTRIELLES

Congo

UNIVERSITY OF LEICESTER

United Kingdom

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 37132

  • Start date

    1 October 2006

  • End date

    30 September 2009

Funded under:

FP6-SUSTDEV

  • Overall budget:

    € 3 808 758

  • EU contribution

    € 2 810 044

Coordinated by:

UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DELLA TUSCIA

Italy