Water is one of the most important substances for human beings. Therefore, the best possible knowledge about its pollution and mitigation measures is crucial, either to assure the safety of its consumption or to undertake countermeasures in case of exceeded levels for undesired and non-permitted pollutants.
Especially in the Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) the environmental heritage of the past activities is enormous due to the past focusing of the economy of these countries on development of heavy industries like mining and smelting, while environmental issues have been left behind.
Environmental protection, remediation and reclamation in areas, which are heavy industrialised but also densely populated, has a very big importance. Very specific aspect of the contamination, caused by mining, is technologically enhanced naturally occurring radioactivity (TENORM) of waste materials.
Upper Silesia is an example of a densely populated, urban and industrial district in southern Poland. A strong impact of underground mining (mainly coal and metal ores) on the pollution of the natural environment can be clearly seen in the region.
Release of saline mine waters from mines, disposal of spoils on surface piles, diffusion of pollutants from settling ponds lead to the contamination of surface waters and groundwater in the region. Central Mining Institute (GIG) is the main institute in Poland, investigating such problems. Despite the experience, gathered by our scientists in past years, the unification with EU became a big challenge.
One of the important goals of the WATERNORM project will be to consolidate and advance our knowledge and competence in the environmental science, that are not only essential for the safe use of water resources, but very important in maintaining and management of mining activities.
The research will also contribute to the harmonised implementation of the EU regulations in the area of environmental protection.
Call for proposal
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Funding SchemeTOK - Marie Curie actions-Transfer of Knowledge