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The nitrogen cycle and its influence on the European greenhouse gas balance

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 17841

  • Start date

    1 February 2006

  • End date

    30 April 2011

Funded under:

FP6-SUSTDEV

  • Overall budget:

    € 26 967 227

  • EU contribution

    € 16 600 000

Coordinated by:

NATURAL ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH COUNCIL.

United Kingdom

Objective

The NitroEurope IP (or NEU for short) addresses the major question: What is the effect of reactive nitrogen (Nr) supply on net greenhouse gas budgets for Europe? The objectives are to:
1) establish robust datasets of N fluxes and net greenhouse-gas exchange (NGE) in relation to C-N cycling of representative European ecosystems, as a basis to investigate interactions and assess long-term change,
2) quantify the effects of past and present global changes (climate, atmospheric composition, land-use/land-management) on C-N cycling and NGE,
3) simulate the observed fluxes of N and NGE, their interactions and responses to global change/land-management decisions, through refinement of plot-scale models,
4) quantify multiple N and C fluxes for contrasting European landscapes, including interactions between farm-scale management, atmospheric and water dispersion, and consideration of the implications for net fluxes and strategies,
5) scale up Nr and NGE fluxes for terrestrial ecosystems to regional and European levels, considering spatial variability and allowing assessment of past, present and future changes,
6) assess uncertainties in the European model results and use these together with independent measurement/inverse-modelling approaches for verification of European N2O and CH4 inventories and refinement of IPCC approaches.

These objectives are met by a programme that integrates:
1) an observing system for N fluxes and pools,
2) a network of manipulation experiments,
3) plot-scale C-N modelling,
4) landscape analysis,
5) European up-scaling and
6) uncertainty and verification of European estimates.

Cross-cutting activities address management, databases, training & dissemination. NEU will advance the fundamental understanding of C-N interactions at different scales and deliver: process-based models, landscape-level assessments, European maps of C-N pools, Nr fluxes and NGE, and independent verification of GHG inventories, as required under the Kyoto Protocol.

Leaflet | Map data © OpenStreetMap contributors, Credit: EC-GISCO, © EuroGeographics for the administrative boundaries

Coordinator

NATURAL ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH COUNCIL.

Address

Polaris House, North Star Avenue
Swindon Wilthshire

United Kingdom

Participants (66)

STICHTING ENERGIEONDERZOEK CENTRUM NEDERLAND

Netherlands

KARLSRUHE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

Germany

FORSKNINGSCENTER RISOE

Denmark

STITCHING DIENST LANDBOUWKUNDIG ONDERZOEK

Netherlands

INSTITUT NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE AGRONOMIQUE (INRA)

France

SECONDA UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI NAPOLI

Italy

COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES - DIRECTORATE GENERAL JOINT RESEARCH CENTRE

Belgium

AGROSCOPE RECKENHOLZ-TAENIKON RESEARCH STATION

Switzerland

DEN KONGELIGE VETERINAER- OG LANDBOHOEJSKOLE

Denmark

MAX PLANCK GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FOERDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN E.V.

Germany

CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE

Italy

BUNDESFORSCHUNGS UND AUSBILDUNGSZENTRUM FUER WALD, NATURGEFAHREN UND LANDSCHAFT

Austria

HELSINGIN YLIOPISTO

Finland

DANMARKS JORDBRUGSFORSKNING

Denmark

THE SCOTTISH AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE

United Kingdom

UNIVERSITY OF ABERDEEN

United Kingdom

INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR APPLIED SYSTEM ANALYSIS - IIASA

Austria

WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITEIT.

Netherlands

UNIWERSYTET PRZYRODNICZY W POZNANIU

Poland

ILMATIETEEN LAITOS

Finland

ERDESZETI TUDOMANYOS INTEZET

Hungary

DRZAVNI HIDROMETEOROLOSKI ZAVOD

Croatia

NORSK INSTITUTT FOR LUFTFORSKNING

Norway

SLOVENSKY HYDROMETEOROLOGICKY USTAV

Slovakia

THE PROVOST FELLOWS AND SCHOLARS OF THE COLLEGE OF THE HOLY AND UNDIVIDED TRINITY OF QUEEN ELISABETH NEAR DUBLIN

Ireland

NEDERLANDSE ORGANISATIE VOOR TOEGEPAST NATUURWETENSCHAPPELIJK ONDERZOEK

Netherlands

THE UNIVERSITY OF MANCHESTER

United Kingdom

UNIVERSITY COLLEGE CORK, NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF IRELAND, CORK

Ireland

THE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH

United Kingdom

UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DELLA TUSCIA

Italy

ODESSA NATIONAL MECHNIKOV UNIVERSITY

Ukraine

GOETEBORGS UNIVERSITET

Sweden

SZENT ISTVAN EGYETEM

Hungary

UNIVERSITEIT GENT

Belgium

UNIVERSITY OF ZIMBABWE

Zimbabwe

LEIBNIZ-ZENTRUM FUER AGRARLANDSCHAFTS- UND LANDNUTZUNGSFORSCHUNG E.V.

Germany

KUNGLIGA TEKNISKA HOEGSKOLAN

Sweden

CHINESE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES - INSTITUTE OF ATMOSPHERIC PHYSICS (IAP, CAS)

China

INSTITUTE OF PHYSICOCHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL PROBLEMS IN SOIL SCIENCE OF RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

Russia

INSTITUTE FOR AGRICULTIRAL AND FOREST ENVIRONMENT - POLISH ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

Poland

JUSTUS-LIEBIG-UNIVERSITAET GIESSEN

Germany

COMMISSARIAT A L'ENERGIE ATOMIQUE (CEA)

France

RIJKSINSTITUUT VOOR VOLKSGEZONDHEID EN MILIEU (RIVM)

Netherlands

DET NORSKE METEOROLOGISK INSTITUTT

Norway

MET OFFICE

United Kingdom

CENTRO DI ECOLOGIA ALPINA

Italy

FUNDACION CENTRO DE ESTUDIOS AMBIENTALES DEL MEDITERRANEO

Spain

JOHANN HEINRICH VON THUNEN-INSTITUT

Germany

A.N.SEVERTSOV INSTITUTE OF ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION - RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

Russia

EOTVOS LORAND TUDOMANYEGYETEM.

Hungary

EESTI POLLUMAJANDUSUELIKOOL

Estonia

CENTRO DE INVESTIGACION ECOLOGICA Y APLICACIONES FORESTALES

Spain

INSTITUTO SUPERIOR DE AGRONOMIA

Portugal

IVL SVENSKA MILJOEINSTITUTET AB

Sweden

UNIVERSITEIT VAN AMSTERDAM

Netherlands

LUNDS UNIVERSITET

Sweden

UNIVERSIDAD POLITECNICA DE MADRID

Spain

EIDGENOESSISCHE FORSCHUNGSANSTALT WSL

Switzerland

ROSKILDE UNIVERSITETSCENTER

Denmark

SUOMEN YMPARISTOKESKUS

Finland

SZEGEDI TUDOMANYEGYETEM

Hungary

DANMARKS TEKNISKE UNIVERSITET (TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY OF DENMARK)

Denmark

UNIVERSITY OF COPENHAGEN

Denmark

UNIVERSITY OF AARHUS

Denmark

PLANBUREAU VOOR DE LEEFOMGEVING

Netherlands

FONDAZIONE EDMUND MACH

Italy

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 17841

  • Start date

    1 February 2006

  • End date

    30 April 2011

Funded under:

FP6-SUSTDEV

  • Overall budget:

    € 26 967 227

  • EU contribution

    € 16 600 000

Coordinated by:

NATURAL ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH COUNCIL.

United Kingdom