Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

Enabling the Web of Entities. A scalable and sustainable solution for systematic and global identifier reuse in decentralized information environments

From 2008-01-01 to 2010-06-30, closed project | OKKAM Website

Project details

Total cost:

EUR 7 359 931

EU contribution:

EUR 5 125 000

Coordinated in:

Italy

Call for proposal:

FP7-ICT-2007-1See other projects for this call

Funding scheme:

CP - Collaborative project (generic)

Description

Entity identifiers should not be multiplied beyond necessity


Prepare to 'Okkamize'!

OKKAM will deliver a secure and privacy aware open source infrastructure to manage entity references. Just as the WWW enables a global decentralised network of documents, connected by hyperlinks, OKKAM will provide a global digital space for publishing and managing information about entities, where every entity is uniquely identified, entities can be reused across digital resources and links between entities can be explicitly specified and exploited in a variety of scenarios. OKKAMs repository of global identifiers is designed to support forms of information integration that are currently simply impossible. The entity-oriented approach to content and knowledge management will be validated in relevant applications in industries like scientific publishing, news and product support.

The OKKAM project aims at enabling the Web of Entities, a virtual space where any collection of data and information about any type of entities (e.g. people, locations, organizations, events, artifacts, ...) published on the Web can be integrated into a single virtual, decentralized, open knowledge base, just like the Web did for hypertexts.

OKKAM will contribute to this vision by supporting the convergence towards the use of a single and globally unique identifier for any entity which is named on the Web. The intuition of the project is that the concrete realization of the Web of Entities requires that we enable tools and practices for cutting to the root the proliferation of unnecessary new identifiers for naming the entities which already have a public identifier ('OKKAM's razor'). Therefore, OKKAM will make available to content creators, editors and developers a global infrastructure and a collection of new tools and plugins which support them to easily find public identifiers for the entities named in their contents/services, use them for creating annotations, build new network-based services which make essential use of these identifiers in an open environment (like the Web or large Intranets).

To realize this vision, OKKAM has the following roadmap:

1. providing a scalable and sustainable infrastructure, called the Entity Name System (ENS), for making the systematic reuse of global and unique entity identifiers not only possible, but easy and straightforward. The ENS will be a distributed service which permanently stores identifiers for entities and provides a collection of core services (e.g. entity matching, ID mapping and resolution) needed to support their pervasive reuse;

2. bootstrapping and enabling the fast growth of Web of Entities by fostering the creation of OKKAMized content (i.e. content where entities are named or annotated with OKKAM IDs) in OKKAM-empowered applications (i.e. applications which can interact with the ENS for getting and reusing identifiers);

3. showcasing the benefits of enabling the Web of Entities and, more in general, of an entity-oriented approach to content and knowledge management by building relevant applications on top of the new infrastructure in three important areas: information retrieval and semantic search, content authoring (more specifically, in scientific publishing and news production) and organizational knowledge management.

The impact of the proposed infrastructure cannot be easily overestimated. Not only it will provide a general service for entity-level integration of virtually any type of data and service into the global Web of Entities; but it will also provide the solid foundation for a whole generation of new applications and services which will benefit from the use of global identifiers in large collections of OKKAMized content and data.


 

Objective

The overall goal of the OKKAM project is to enable the Web of Entities, a global digital space for publishing and managing information about entities , where every entity is uniquely identified, and links between entities can be explicitly specified and exploited in a variety of scenarios. Compared to the WWW, the main differences are that the domain of entities is extended beyond the realm of digital resources to include objects in other realms like products, organizations, associations, countries, events, publications, hotels or people; and that links between entities are extended beyond hyperlinks to include virtually any type of relation.
The WWW has clearly demonstrated the socio-economical potential of enabling a global decentralized network of documents, connected by hyperlinks, and services built on top of this infrastructure. In a short period of time, we have witnessed how the WWW has had a remarkable impact on our personal, social and professional lives. We believe that the Web of Entities has the potential to increase this impact, and to foster a whole new family of applications and services. However, to make this happen, the Web of Entities must trigger (as the WWW did) what economists call network externality effect , and this requires at least three pillars to be in place: (1) a suitable infrastructure which can support the open and sustainable growth of the Web of Entities; (2) a critical mass of new entity-aware content and data accessible to a very large number of users in a relatively short time; and (3) a collection of exemplary and high impact applications, which can prove to the key players in ICT that investing on the Web of Entities is worthwhile.
The OKKAM project presents a strategy and an effective work plan to build the three pillars of this Web of Entities, not only from a technical point of view, but also from a social, organizational and business-oriented perspective.

Coordinator

UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI TRENTO
Italy

EU contribution: EUR 831 772


VIA CALEPINA 14
38122 TRENTO
Italy
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Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative contact: Micaela Amico
Tel.: +39 0461 881606
Fax: +39 0461 881624
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Participants

EUROPE UNLIMITED S.A.
Belgium

EU contribution: EUR 191 796


PLACE FLAGEY 7
1050 BRUXELLES
Belgium
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Activity type: Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative contact: Roland Nobels
Tel.: +3226446580
Fax: +3226446581
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ECOLE POLYTECHNIQUE FEDERALE DE LAUSANNE
Switzerland

EU contribution: EUR 641 004


BATIMENT CE 3316 STATION 1
1015 LAUSANNE
Switzerland
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Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative contact: René-Pierre Bonvin
Tel.: +41 21 693 6678
Fax: +41 21 693 7575
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SAP SE
Germany

EU contribution: EUR 672 961


DIETMAR HOPP ALLEE 16
69190 WALLDORF
Germany
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Activity type: Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative contact: Frank Gottfried
Tel.: +496227 7-46998
Fax: +496227 78-2216
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GOTTFRIED WILHELM LEIBNIZ UNIVERSITAET HANNOVER
Germany

EU contribution: EUR 716 304


Welfengarten 1
30167 HANNOVER
Germany
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Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative contact: Uwe Thaden
Tel.: +4951176217713
Fax: +4951176217779
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UNIVERSIDAD DE MALAGA
Spain

EU contribution: EUR 231 216


AVDA CERVANTES, NUM. 2
29016 MALAGA
Spain
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Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative contact: Antonio Maña Gomez
Tel.: +34952137142
Fax: +34952131397
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INMARK ESTUDIOS Y ESTRATEGIAS SA
Spain

EU contribution: EUR 233 157


AV LLANO CASTELLANO 43
28010 MADRID
Spain
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Activity type: Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative contact: Sabina Guaylupo
Tel.: +34914480203
Fax: +34915940578
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NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF IRELAND GALWAY
Ireland

EU contribution: EUR 435 040


UNIVERSITY ROAD
H91 Galway
Ireland
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Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative contact: Maria Smyth
Tel.: 0035391495015
Fax: 0035391495541
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THE NATIONAL MICROELECTRONICS APPLICATIONS CENTRE LTD
Ireland

EU contribution: EUR 350 700


SUPARULE HOUSE, LONSDALE ROAD NATIONAL TECHNOLOGICY PARK
. LIMERICK
Ireland
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Activity type: Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative contact: John O'Flaherty
Tel.: +353-61-334699
Fax: +353-61-338500
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AGENZIA ANSA - AGENZIA NAZIONALE STAMPA ASSOCIATA - SOCIETA COOPERATIVA
Italy

EU contribution: EUR 271 608


VIA DELLA DATARIA 94
00187 ROMA
Italy
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Activity type: Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative contact: antonio saracino
Tel.: +39066774677
Fax: 06.69797385
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EXPERT SYSTEM SPA
Italy

EU contribution: EUR 453 643


VIA FORTUNATO ZENI 8
38068 ROVERETO
Italy
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Activity type: Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative contact: Marco Varone
Tel.: +39059894022
Fax: +39059894099
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ELSEVIER BV
Netherlands

EU contribution: EUR 95 799


RADARWEG 29
1043NX AMSTERDAM
Netherlands
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Activity type: Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative contact: Anita de Waard
Tel.: +314853838
Fax: N/A
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