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Biologically inspired computation for chemical sensing

Biologically inspired computation for chemical sensing

Objective

Biological olfaction outperforms chemical instrumentation in specificity, response time, detection limit, coding capacity, time stability, robustness, size, power consumption, and portability. This biological function provides outstanding performance due, to a large extent, to the unique architecture of the olfactory pathway, which combines a high degree of redundancy, an efficient combinatorial coding along with unmatched chemical information processing mechanisms. The last decade has witnessed important advances in the understanding of the computational primitives underlying the functioning of the olfactory system
NEUROCHEM will develop novel computing paradigms and biomimetic artefacts for chemical sensing taking inspiration from the biological olfactory pathway. This project proposes to build computational models of its main building blocks: olfactory receptor layer, olfactory bulb, and olfactory cortex. To reduce the model complexity, models, they will go through an abstraction stage in which their processing capabilities are captured by algorithmic solutions. To demonstrate this approach, a biomimetic demonstrator will be built featuring a large scale sensor array mimicking the olfactory receptor neuron layer. In addition The olfactory receptor array will be interfaced to a full-scale parallel simulation model of the rat olfactory bulb and cortex. In addition, abstracted biomimetic algorithms will be implemented in an embedded system that will interface the chemical sensors. This research will provide a radically new way to process chemical signals, and it will bring performances exceeding the current state of the art provided by chemometrics.

Coordinator

UNIVERSITAT DE BARCELONA

Address

Gran Via De Les Corts Catalanes 585
08007 Barcelona

Spain

Activity type

Higher or Secondary Education Establishments

EU Contribution

€ 360 611

Administrative Contact

Santiago Marco (Dr.)

Participants (8)

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UNIVERSITAT POLITECNICA DE CATALUNYA

Spain

EU Contribution

€ 208 647

Universitat Pompeu Fabra

Spain

EU Contribution

€ 243 804

CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS

France

EU Contribution

€ 251 262

INSTITUT NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE AGRONOMIQUE

France

EU Contribution

€ 201 930

CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE

Italy

EU Contribution

€ 263 169

KUNGLIGA TEKNISKA HOEGSKOLAN

Sweden

EU Contribution

€ 249 830

UNIVERSITY OF LEICESTER

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 188 651

THE UNIVERSITY OF MANCHESTER

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 182 096

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 216916

Status

Closed project

  • Start date

    1 January 2008

  • End date

    30 June 2011

Funded under:

FP7-ICT

  • Overall budget:

    € 2 856 601

  • EU contribution

    € 2 150 000

Coordinated by:

UNIVERSITAT DE BARCELONA

Spain