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African monsoon multidisciplinary analysis

Objective

The dramatic change in the region of the West African monsoon (WAM) from wet conditions in the 50s and 60s to much drier conditions from the 70s to the 90s represents one of the strongest inter-decadal signals on the planet in the 20th century. Marked inter-annual variations in recent decades have resulted in extremely dry years with devastating environmental and socio-economic impacts. The abrupt decrease of water resources in the Sahel divided by two the cattle population and some exportation cultures disappeared. Vulnerability of West African societies to climate variability is likely to increase in the next decades as demands on resources increase due to the rapidly growing population. The situation may be exacerbated by the effects of climate change, land degradation caused by the growing population and water pollution. Motivated by the need to develop strategies to reduce the socioeconomic impacts of climate variability and change in WAM we aim : i) To improve our ability to predict the WAM and its impacts on intra-seasonal to decadal timescales, ii) To improve our ability to predict the consequences of climate change on WAM variability and its impacts.
These objectives will be achieved in the African Monsoon Multidisciplinar/ Analysis (AMMA) project by re-enforcing the regional environmental monitoring systems and conducting intensive field campaigns.This will lead to a better understanding of the mechanisms involved and in-fine improve our models and their predictive skills. The observational system will cover the regional water cycle, the atmospheric dynamics and chemistry, the land-surface and oceanic conditions. It will cover 3 time scales : i) a long term monitoring, ii) an enhanced observing period of two years and iii) a special observing periods over one rainy season. In order to monitor the human dimension of the West African monsoon variability crop yields, water resources and health will be monitored with the same strategy.

Call for proposal

FP6-2003-GLOBAL-2
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Funding Scheme

IP - Integrated Project

Coordinator

CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE (CNRS)
Address
Rue Michel-ange 3
Paris
France

Participants (55)

INSTITUT DE RECHERCHE POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT
France
Address
213, Rue Lafayette
Paris
UNIVERSITAET ZU KOELN
Germany
Address
Albertus Magnus Platz 1
Koeln
DEUTSCHES ZENTRUM FUR LUFT UND RAUMFAHRT E.V.
Germany
Address
Heinrich-konen-strasse 1
Koln
UNIVERSITY OF LEEDS
United Kingdom
Address
Woodhouse Lane
Leeds
NATURAL ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH COUNCIL
United Kingdom
Address
Polaris House, North Star Avenue
Swindon
KOEBENHAVNS UNIVERSITET
Denmark
Address
Noerregade 10
Copenhagen
CENTRE NATIONAL DE RECHERCHES METEOROLOGIQUES METEO FRANCE
France
Address
Avenue G. Coriolis 42
Toulouse
MEDIAS FRANCE
France
Address
Cnes, 18 Avenue Edouard Belin
Toulouse
UNIVERSITE DE BOURGOGNE DIJON
France
Address
Campus Universitaire Montmuzard - Maison De L'universite - Esplanade Erasme
Dijon
UNIVERSITE PARIS XII - VAL DE MARNE
France
Address
61 Avenue Du General De Gaulle
Creteil
UNIVERSITE PAUL SABATIER - TOULOUSE III
France
Address
Route De Narbonne, 118
Toulouse
CENTRE DE COOPERATION INTERNATIONALE EN RECHERCHE AGRONOMIQUE POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT
France
Address
42, Rue Scheffer
Paris
UNIVERSITAET BREMEN
Germany
Address
Bibliothekstrasse 1
Bremen
LEIBNIZ INSTITUT FUER MEERESWISSENSCHAFTEN AN DER UNIVERSITAET KIEL
Germany
Address
Wischhofstrasse 1-3
Kiel
LUDWIG-MAXIMILIANS-UNIVERSITAET MUENCHEN
Germany
Address
Geschwister-scholl-platz 1
Muenchen
RHEINISCHE FRIEDRICH-WILHELMS-UNIVERSITAET BONN
Germany
Address
Regina Pacis Weg 3
Bonn
UNIVERSITY OF EAST ANGLIA
United Kingdom
Address
University Plain
Norwich
THE UNIVERSITY OF LIVERPOOL
United Kingdom
Address
765 Brownlow Hill, Foundation Building
Liverpool
UNIVERSITY OF YORK
United Kingdom
Address
Heslington
York
UNIVERSITY OF LEICESTER
United Kingdom
Address
University Road
Leicester
THE UNIVERSITY OF MANCHESTER
United Kingdom
Address
Oxford Road
Manchester
THE CHANCELLOR, MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE
United Kingdom
Address
The Old Schools, Trinity Lane
Cambridge
CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE
Italy
Address
Piazzale Aldo Moro, 7
Roma
UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI PERUGIA
Italy
Address
Piazza Dell'universita 1
Perugia
UNIVERSIDAD DE CASTILLA - LA MANCHA
Spain
Address
Calle Altagracia 50
Ciudad Real
UNIVERSIDAD COMPLUTENSE DE MADRID
Spain
Address
Avenida De Seneca 2
Madrid
UNIVERSIDAD POLITECNICA DE CARTAGENA
Spain
Address
Plaza Cronista Isidoro Valverde. Edificio "La Milagrosa"
Cartagena
UNIVERSITE CATHOLIQUE DE LOUVAIN
Belgium
Address
1 Place De L'universite
Louvain-la-neuve
CENTRE REGIONAL DE FORMATION ET D'APLICATION EN AGROMETEOROLOGIE ET HYDROLOGIE OPERATIONNELLE-CENTRE REGIONAL AGRHYMET
Niger
Address
0425 Bouluvard De L'université
Niamey
CENTRE DE RECHERCHE MEDICALE ET SANITAIRE
Niger
Address
Yn 034
Niamey
ECOLE INTER-ETATS D'INGENIEURS DE L' EQUIPEMENT RURAL
Burkina Faso
Address

Ouagadougou 01
AFRICAN CENTRE FOR METEOROLOGICAL APPLICATION FOR DEVELOPMENT
Niger
Address
Avenue Des Ministères 2
Niamey
VAISALA OYJ
Finland
Address
Vanha Nurmijarventie 21
Vantaa
OCEAN SCIENTIFIC INTERNATIONAL
United Kingdom
Address
South Down House, Station Road
Petersfield
KONINKLIJK NEDERLANDS METEOROLOGISCH INSTITUUT (KNMI)
Netherlands
Address
Wilhelminalaan 10
De Bilt
AGENCE POUR LA SECURITE DE LA NAVIGATION AERIENNE EN AFRIQUE ET A MADAGASCAR
Senegal
Address
Avenue Jean Jaurès 32-38
Dakar
UNIVERSITE CHEIKH ANTA DIOP DE DAKAR
Senegal
Address
Avenue Martin Luther King
5005 Dakar Fann
UNIVERSITE DE OUAGADOUGOU
Burkina Faso
Address

7021 Ouagadougou
UNIVERSITE DE BAMAKO
Mali
Address
Campus Universitaire De Badalabougou
BPE 2528 Bamako
UNIVERSITE ABDOU MOUMOUNI DE NIAMEY
Niger
Address

10896 Niamey
UNIVERSITE D'ABOMEY CALAVI
Benin
Address

526 Abomey Calavi
DIRECTION NATIONALE DE LA METEOROLOGIE DU MALI
Mali
Address

237 Bamako
DIRECTION DE LA METEOROLOGIE NATIONALE DU NIGER
Niger
Address

218 Niamey
DIRECTION DE LA METEOROLOGIE NATIONALE DU SENEGAL
Senegal
Address
Aéroport Léopold Sedar Senghor Lls
8257 Dakar
DIRECTION NATIONALE DE LA METEOROLOGIE DE GUINEE
Guinea
Address
Face Jardin 2 Octobre, Commune Kaloum
566 Conakry
KWAME NKURMAH UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, KUMASI
Ghana
GHANA METEOROLOGICAL AGENCY
Ghana
Address
Legon
Accra
INSTITUT SENEGALAIS DE RECHERCHES AGRICOLES
Senegal
Address
Route Des Hydrocarbures
3120 Dakar
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE ET TECHNOLOGIQUE
Burkina Faso
Address

B.P. 7047 Ouagadougou
INSTITUT D'ECONOMIE RURALE
Mali
Address
Rue Mohamed V
258 Bamako
ASSOCIATION CENTRE DE SUIVI ECOLOGIQUE POUR LA GESTION DES RESSOURCES NATURELLES
Senegal
Address
Rue Leon Gontran Damas, Fann Residence
15532 Dakar
UNIVERSITY OF JOS
Nigeria
KARLSRUHER INSTITUT FÜR TECHNOLOGIE
Germany
Address
Kaiserstr. 12
Karlsruhe
ENTE PER LE NUOVE TECNOLOGIE, L'ENERGIA E L'AMBIENTE
Italy
Address
Lungotevere Grande Ammiraglio Thaon Di Revel 76
Roma
EUROPEAN CENTRE FOR MEDIUM-RANGE WEATHER FORECASTS
United Kingdom
Address
Shinfield Park
Reading