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Novel Nanocomposites for Hydrogen Storage Applications

Novel Nanocomposites for Hydrogen Storage Applications

Objective

In order to meet the international goals for hydrogen storage materials, the work in NANOHy aims at combining the latest developments in the metal hydride field with novel concepts for tailoring materials properties. Leading expertise in the field of complex hydride synthesis, synthesis and functionalization of nanostructured carbon, nanoparticle coating, structural characterization, and computational methods will be joined to achieve a fundamental understanding combined with considerable practical progress in the development of novel nanostructured materials for hydrogen storage. The target materials are nanocomposites consisting of hydride particle sizes in the lower nanometer range which are protected by a nanocarbon template or by self-assembled polymer layers in order to prevent agglomeration. Thus, there is potential to lower working temperature and pressure, to enhance the reversibility, and to control the interaction between the hydride and the environment, leading to improved safety properties. Materials of this kind can mitigate or solve principal and practical problems which have been identified recently in other projects. The composites will be synthesized out of novel complex hydrides with very high hydrogen content and nanocarbon templates. Alternatively, hydride colloids will be coated in a Layer-by-Layer self-assembling process of dedicated polymers. Computational methods will be used to model the systems and predict optimal materials/size combinations for improved working parameters of the systems. Sophisticated instrumental analysis methods will be applied to elucidate the structure and the properties of the nano-confined hydrides. An upscale of the target nanocomposite will be made in the final stage and 0.5-1 kg of the material will be integrated and tested in a specially designed laboratory tank. Techno-economical evaluation will be performed and potential spin-off applications will be explored by an industry partner in NANOHy.
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Coordinator

KARLSRUHER INSTITUT FUER TECHNOLOGIE

Address

Kaiserstrasse 12
76131 Karlsruhe

Germany

Activity type

Higher or Secondary Education Establishments

EU Contribution

€ 747 504

Administrative Contact

Natascha Wallburg (Ms.)

Participants (8)

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CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE

Italy

EU Contribution

€ 234 111

CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS

France

EU Contribution

€ 198 128

FUTURE CARBON GMBH

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 166 494

INSTITUTT FOR ENERGITEKNIKK

Norway

EU Contribution

€ 372 730

MAX-PLANCK-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FORDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN EV

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 273 037

"NATIONAL CENTER FOR SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH ""DEMOKRITOS"""

Greece

EU Contribution

€ 214 350

UNIVERSITETET I OSLO

Norway

EU Contribution

€ 193 275

Korea Institute of Science and Technology

South Korea

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 210092

Status

Closed project

  • Start date

    1 January 2008

  • End date

    31 December 2011

Funded under:

FP7-ENERGY

  • Overall budget:

    € 3 402 945,80

  • EU contribution

    € 2 399 629

Coordinated by:

KARLSRUHER INSTITUT FUER TECHNOLOGIE

Germany