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Efficient and robust fuel cell with novel ceramic proton conducting electrolyte

Objective

EFFIPRO will develop electrolytes and electrodes for proton conducting fuel cells (PCFCs) based on novel LaNbO4-type and similar proton conducting oxides that, unlike earlier candidates, are chemically stable and mechanically robust. The transport of H+ makes water form on the cathode side, avoiding fuel dilution and recycling and reducing risk of destructive anode oxidation, even at peak power. Moreover, the high operating temperature (e.g. 600 °C) alleviates recycling of liquid water and coolants, and provides efficient heat exchange with heat grids or fossil fuel reformers. All these give PCFCs major benefits in fuel utilisation, overall efficiency, and system simplicity with reformed fossil fuels as well as hydrogen from renewables. However, the proton conductivities of candidate materials are insufficient, and the project aims to improve proton conductivity through doping strategies and interface engineering, investigating new classes of stable proton conducting oxides, and developing technologies for thin film electrolytes on suitable substrates. Novel cathodes will be devised, all to bring area-specific electrolyte and interface resistances down to 0.2 Ωcm2 each within this first project. New production routes of precursors and materials are included, as well as surface kinetics research and cost reduction by mischmetal strategies. The project is accompanied by complementary national initiatives and projects e.g. on fundamental characterisation and interconnects. Novel PCFC technology involves high risk and long term research that needs concerted action from many actors including the emerging nano-ionics field. It is the aim that PCFCs by 2020 will be available, accelerate the use of fuel cells, reduce CO2 emissions, and increase efficiency by 10 % where applied, promote the hydrogen society, and be a dominating fuel cell technology. The project counts 7 partners in 5 countries, with leadership and PCFC dedication. It lasts 3 years and educates/trains 5 PhD/post-docs.

Field of science

  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/waste management/recycling
  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/energy and fuels/fuel cell

Call for proposal

FP7-ENERGY-NMP-2008-1
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

CP - Collaborative project (generic)

Coordinator

UNIVERSITETET I OSLO
Address
Problemveien 5-7
0313 Oslo
Norway
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 580 800
Administrative Contact
Anne Margit Arntzen (Ms.)

Participants (6)

CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS
France
EU contribution
€ 292 800
Address
Rue Michel Ange 3
75794 Paris
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Florence Morineau (Ms.)
AGENCIA ESTATAL CONSEJO SUPERIOR DEINVESTIGACIONES CIENTIFICAS
Spain
EU contribution
€ 302 670
Address
Calle Serrano 117
28006 Madrid
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Clara Fornés Mifsud (Ms.)
STIFTELSEN SINTEF
Norway
EU contribution
€ 371 925
Address
Strindveien 4
7034 Trondheim
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Rune Bredesen (Dr.)
FORSCHUNGSZENTRUM JULICH GMBH
Germany
EU contribution
€ 345 488
Address
Wilhelm Johnen Strasse
52428 Julich
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Anne Bosch (Ms.)
DANMARKS TEKNISKE UNIVERSITET
Denmark
EU contribution
€ 321 375
Address
Anker Engelundsvej 1 Bygning 101 A
2800 Kgs Lyngby
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Pernille Touborg (Ms.)
CERAMIC POWDER TECHNOLOGY AS
Norway
EU contribution
€ 325 200
Address
Kvenildmyra 6
7093 Trondheim
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Kjell Wiik (Prof.)