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Fate of Repository Gases

Objective

The multiple barrier concept is the cornerstone of all proposed schemes for underground disposal of radioactive wastes. The concept invokes a series of barriers, both engineered and natural, between the waste and the surface. Achieving this concept is the primary objective of all disposal programmes, from site appraisal and characterisation to repository design and construction. However, the performance of the repository as a whole (waste, buffer, engineering disturbed zone, host rock), and in particular its gas transport properties, are still poorly understood. Issues still to be adequately examined that relate to understanding basic processes include: dilational versus visco-capillary flow mechanisms; long-term integrity of seals, in particular gas flow along contacts; role of the EDZ as a conduit for preferential flow; laboratory to field up-scaling. Understanding gas generation and migration is thus vital in the quantitative assessment of repositories and is the focus of the research in this proposal for an integrated, multi-disciplinary project. The FORGE proposal is for a pan-European project with links to international radioactive waste management organisations, regulators and academia, specifically designed to tackle the key research issues associated with the generation and movement of repository gasses. Of particular importance are the long-term performance of bentonite buffers, plastic clays, indurated mudrocks and crystalline formations. Further experimental data are required to reduce uncertainty relating to the quantitative treatment of gas in performance assessment. FORGE will address these issues through a series of laboratory and field-scale experiments, including the development of new methods for up-scaling allowing the optimisation of concepts through detailed scenario analysis. The FORGE partners are committed to training and CPD through a broad portfolio of training opportunities and initiatives which form a significant part of the project.

Field of science

  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/energy and fuels/fossil energy/gas
  • /social sciences/sociology/social problems/migration
  • /social sciences/social and economic geography/transport
  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/waste management

Call for proposal

FP7-Fission-2008
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

CP-IP - Large-scale integrating project

Coordinator

NATURAL ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH COUNCIL
Address
Polaris House, North Star Avenue
SN2 1EU Swindon Wiltshire
United Kingdom
Activity type
Research Organisations
EU contribution
€ 1 455 120

Participants (24)

REGIA AUTONOMA PENTRU ACTIVITATI NUCLEARE DROBETA TR. SEVERIN RA SUCURSALA CERCETARI NUCLEARE PITESTI

Participation ended

Romania
Address
Cimpului 1
0402 Mioveni - Arges
Activity type
Public bodies (excluding Research Organisations and Secondary or Higher Education Establishments)
NUCLEAR DECOMMISSIONING AUTHORITY - NDA
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 210 000
Address
Westlakes Science Park - Herdus House
CA24 3HU Moor Row
Activity type
Research Organisations
SVENSK KARNBRANSLEHANTERING AKTIEBOLAG
Sweden
EU contribution
€ 374 750
Address
Box 3091
169 03 Solna
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
STUDIECENTRUM VOOR KERNENERGIE / CENTRE D'ETUDE DE L'ENERGIE NUCLEAIRE
Belgium
EU contribution
€ 848 000
Address
Avenue Herrmann Debroux 40
1160 Bruxelles
Activity type
Research Organisations
AGENCE NATIONALE POUR LA GESTION DES DECHETS RADIOACTIFS
France
EU contribution
€ 297 201
Address
1-7 Rue Jean Monnet - Parc De La Croix Blanche
92298 Chatenay Malabry
Activity type
Research Organisations
COMMISSARIAT A L ENERGIE ATOMIQUE ET AUX ENERGIES ALTERNATIVES
France
EU contribution
€ 100 000
Address
Rue Leblanc 25
75015 Paris 15
Activity type
Research Organisations
CENTRO DE INVESTIGACIONES ENERGETICAS, MEDIOAMBIENTALES Y TECNOLOGICAS-CIEMAT
Spain
EU contribution
€ 273 000
Address
Avenida Complutense 40
28040 Madrid
Activity type
Research Organisations
CENTRE INTERNACIONAL DE METODES NUMERICS EN ENGINYERIA
Spain
EU contribution
€ 333 000
Address
C Gran Capitan, Edifici C1, Campus Nord Upc Sn
08034 Barcelona
Activity type
Research Organisations
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS
France
EU contribution
€ 100 000
Address
Rue Michel Ange 3
75794 Paris
Activity type
Research Organisations
ECOLE CENTRALE DE LILLE
France
EU contribution
€ 178 120
Address
Boulevard Paul Langevin Cité Scientifique
59651 Villeneuve D Ascq
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
ELECTRICITE DE FRANCE
France
EU contribution
€ 185 000
Address
Avenue De Wagram 22
75008 Paris 08
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
GESELLSCHAFT FUR ANLAGEN UND REAKTORSICHERHEIT (GRS) gGmbH
Germany
EU contribution
€ 140 000
Address
Schwertnergasse 1
50667 Koln
Activity type
Research Organisations
NATIONALE GENOSSENSCHAFT FUER DIE LAGERUNG RADIOAKTIVER ABFAELLE
Switzerland
EU contribution
€ 470 000
Address
Hardstrasse 73
5430 Wettingen
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
UNIVERSITE DE LIEGE
Belgium
EU contribution
€ 159 800
Address
Place Du 20 Aout 7
4000 Liege
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
POSIVA OY
Finland
EU contribution
€ 40 000
Address
Olkiluoto
27160 Eurajoki
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
CESKE VYSOKE UCENI TECHNICKE V PRAZE
Czechia
EU contribution
€ 199 840
Address
Jugoslavskych Partyzanu 1580/3
160 00 Praha
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
UJV REZ, a. s.
Czechia
EU contribution
€ 125 000
Address
Hlavni 130, Rez
250 68 Husinec
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
INSTITUT DE RADIOPROTECTION ET DE SURETE NUCLEAIRE
France
EU contribution
€ 228 000
Address
Av De La Division Leclerc 31
92260 Fontenay Aux Roses
Activity type
Research Organisations
REGIA AUTONOMA TEHNOLOGII PENTRU ENERGIA NUCLEARA - RATEN
Romania
EU contribution
€ 75 000
Address
Strada Campului 1
115400 Mioveni
Activity type
Public bodies (excluding Research Organisations and Secondary or Higher Education Establishments)
Institut für Gebirgsmechanik GmbH
Germany
EU contribution
€ 85 000
Address
Friederikenstr. 60
04279 Leipzig
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
LIETUVOS ENERGETIKOS INSTITUTAS
Lithuania
EU contribution
€ 30 956
Address
Breslaujos G. 3
LT-44403 Kaunas
Activity type
Research Organisations
EIDGENOSSISCHES NUKLEARSICHERHEINSPEKTORAT ENSI
Switzerland
EU contribution
€ 50 560
Address
Industriestrasse 19
5200 Brugg
Activity type
Public bodies (excluding Research Organisations and Secondary or Higher Education Establishments)
Federal Agency for Nuclear Control
Belgium
EU contribution
€ 30 300
Address
Ravensteinstraat 36
1000 Brussel
Activity type
Public bodies (excluding Research Organisations and Secondary or Higher Education Establishments)
Radioactive Waste Repository Authority
Czechia
Address
Dlazdena 6
110000 Praha
Activity type
Public bodies (excluding Research Organisations and Secondary or Higher Education Establishments)