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Engineering Exotic Phenomena at Oxide Interfaces

Objective

Emergent phenomena at oxide interfaces have been recognized as one of 2007’s top ten breakthroughs, exciting great interest. Just as the engineering of physical properties at semiconductor interfaces was the crucial step in Si-based electronics, the next great advance might rely on the multiple novel functionalities of oxide interfaces. The consortium OxIDES will (i) develop theoretical and simulation techniques to model the most relevant types of oxide interfaces and (ii) use them to design a new generation of layered materials with unique experimentally-confirmed properties. The theoretical work will combine first and second principles methods in a multi-scale approach. The experimental partners will guide the choice of relevant systems, grow and characterize the most promising structures, and explore their technological applications. This continuous collaboration is essential to guarantee that the theoretical developments are experimentally validated, and is also the most promising avenue towards the discovery of new and technologically important phenomena. In OxIDES we will consider three types of interfaces: insulating interfaces between insulating oxides, where novel couplings between structural instabilities can lead to unusual phenomena such as improper ferroelectricity; conducting interfaces between insulating oxides, where an interfacial 2-dimensional electron gas might exhibit large thermoelectric power; and interfaces between metallic and insulating oxides, for a deeper understanding of screening. All these are potentially interesting for use in microelectronic devices or energy harvesting. Yet, advancing from basic concepts to applications remains a challenge, and both quantum-mechanical simulations and experimental methods need to be developed to tackle it successfully. Directly addressing the present limitations of oxide interface simulations to make progress in this emergent field is the goal of OxIDES.

Field of science

  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/energy and fuels/fossil energy/gas
  • /natural sciences/physical sciences/electromagnetism and electronics/electrical conductivity/semiconductor

Call for proposal

FP7-NMP-2008-SMALL-2
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

CP-FP - Small or medium-scale focused research project

Coordinator

UNIVERSITE DE LIEGE
Address
Place Du 20 Aout 7
4000 Liege
Belgium
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 400 200
Administrative Contact
Isabelle Halleux (Dr.)

Participants (6)

UNIVERSIDAD DE CANTABRIA
Spain
EU contribution
€ 317 227,50
Address
Avenida De Los Castros S/n
39005 Santander
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Juan José San Miguel (Mr.)
AGENCIA ESTATAL CONSEJO SUPERIOR DEINVESTIGACIONES CIENTIFICAS
Spain
EU contribution
€ 290 776,50
Address
Calle Serrano 117
28006 Madrid
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Carlos Manuel Abad Ruiz (Mr.)
CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE
Italy
EU contribution
€ 363 797
Address
Piazzale Aldo Moro 7
00185 Roma
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Barbara Pernati (Dr.)
UNIVERSITE DE GENEVE
Switzerland
EU contribution
€ 409 204
Address
Rue Du General Dufour 24
1211 Geneve
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Stefano Gariglio (Dr.)
UNIVERSITAET AUGSBURG
Germany
EU contribution
€ 200 000
Address
Universitaetsstrasse 2
86159 Augsburg
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Jochen Mannhart (Prof.)
PHASIS SARL
Switzerland
EU contribution
€ 168 795
Address
Chemin Des Aulx 18
1228 Geneva
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Jorge Cors (Dr.)