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Improving nutrient efficiency in major European food, feed and biofuel crops to reduce the negative environmental impact of crop production

Improving nutrient efficiency in major European food, feed and biofuel crops to reduce the negative environmental impact of crop production

Objective

The MAIN AIM of the proposed integrating project NUE-CROPS is to develop knowledge, models and tools required to (a) breed/select NUTRIENT USE EFFICIENT (NUE) CROPS and (b) integrate NUE-crops with AGRONOMIC INNOVATIONS to significantly reduce fertiliser use and associated negative environmental impacts of crop production, while maintaining or improving crop yield and quality. The consortium includes 10 academic centres of excellence and 3 large breeding companies in 6 EU member states, China (an ICPC region) and the USA. The strategic CONCEPTS/OBJECTIVES of NUE-CROPS are to support the: 1. DEVELOPMENT OF NUE-VARIETIES of 4 MAJOR EUROPEAN CROPS (wheat, oilseed rape, potato, maize) for different MACROCLIMATIC REGIONS. This will be based on (a) classical QTL identification methods, (b) association genetics approaches, (c) gene expression profiling (and where appropriate proteomic, metabolomic analyses and/or analytical transformation analyses) and (d) whole plant physiological studies. R&D activities will focus on the 4 major crops species, but deliverables from studies with model plants/crops (Arabidopsis, Brassica rapa, barley) will be used as “genetic bridges” for the genetically complex crops wheat and oilseed rape. 2. INTEGRATION of NUE-CROPS with INNOVATIVE MANAGEMENT approaches (e.g. improved fertilisation regimes, rotational designs, winter cover crop use and, tillage systems). This will be based on: (a) field experiments to evaluate the impact of NUE crops under contrasting agronomic scenarios and (b) the construction/validation of models/algorithms for nutrient budgeting/precision farming systems 3. To ESTABLISH an EFFICIENT TRAINING and DISSEMINATION programme aimed at rapid exploitation and application of project deliverables in commercial crop production.

Coordinator

UNIVERSITY OF NEWCASTLE UPON TYNE

Address

Kings Gate
Ne1 7ru Newcastle Upon Tyne

United Kingdom

Activity type

Higher or Secondary Education Establishments

EU Contribution

€ 1 565 696

Administrative Contact

Nicola Place (Ms.)

Participants (14)

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WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITY

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 667 625

GEORG-AUGUST-UNIVERSITAT GOTTINGENSTIFTUNG OFFENTLICHEN RECHTS

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 303 000

AGROBIOINSTITUTE

Bulgaria

EU Contribution

€ 200 000

AARHUS UNIVERSITET

Denmark

EU Contribution

€ 4 750,22

FORSCHUNGSINSTITUT FUR BIOLOGISCHEN LANDBAU STIFTUNG

Switzerland

EU Contribution

€ 201 000

SCOTTISH CROP RESEARCH INSTITUTE

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 605 000

HEINRICH-HEINE-UNIVERSITAET DUESSELDORF

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 300 000

Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning CAAS

China

EU Contribution

€ 359 000

WASHINGTON STATE UNIVERSITY

United States

KWS SAAT AG

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 784 000

KWS UK

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 473 907

KWEEK- EN RESEARCHBEDRIJF AGRICO B.V.

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 148 320

SABANCI UNIVERSITESI

Turkey

EU Contribution

€ 89 450

KOBENHAVNS UNIVERSITET

Denmark

EU Contribution

€ 298 249,78

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 222645

Status

Closed project

  • Start date

    1 May 2009

  • End date

    30 April 2014

Funded under:

FP7-KBBE

  • Overall budget:

    € 9 597 834,81

  • EU contribution

    € 5 999 998

Coordinated by:

UNIVERSITY OF NEWCASTLE UPON TYNE

United Kingdom