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Greenhouse gas management in European land use systems

Objective

The GHG-Europe project aims to improve our understanding and capacity for predicting the European terrestrial carbon and greenhouse gas (GHG) budget by applying a systematic, comprehensive and integrative approach. GHG-Europe quantifies the annual to decadal variability of the carbon and GHG budgets of terrestrial ecosystems in EU27 plus Switzerland and in six data-rich European regions via data-model integration, diagnostic and predictive modelling. Models are calibrated by multi-site observations. Research includes CO2, CH4 and N2O in forests, croplands, grasslands, shrublands, peatlands and soils. Via an integrated approach, GHG Europe scales up consistently from local to regional and continental scale via scale dependent error propagation and systematic quantification of uncertainties, model validation at different scales and top-down verification by atmospheric inversion models. At regional and European scale lateral C transport by land use, trade and rivers are included. Variability in C and GHG budgets is attributed to natural (climate) and anthropogenic drivers (N deposition, land use, past and present management) by synthesis of past and emerging experiments, targeted observations in hot spots and hot moments and model sensitivity analyses. For this purpose, observations are extended to under-sampled regions and ecosystems with likely high importance for the European C budget: forests and land use change in Eastern Europe and Mediterranen shrublands. The future vulnerability of carbon pools and risks of positive feedbacks in the climate-carbon system are assessed by scenario analyses with biophysical models and by integrating feedbacks with socio-economic changes and EU climate and land use policies. GHG-Europe uses a bidirectional interaction with stakeholders to provide regular and timely scientific advice targeted to the emerging needs of the UNFCCC process and for implementing post-2012 climate commitments in Europe.
Leaflet | Map data © OpenStreetMap contributors, Credit: EC-GISCO, © EuroGeographics for the administrative boundaries

Coordinator

JOHANN HEINRICH VON THUENEN-INSTITUT, BUNDESFORSCHUNGSINSTITUT FUER LAENDLICHE RAEUME, WALD UND FISCHEREI

Address

Bundesallee 50
38116 Braunschweig

Germany

Activity type

Research Organisations

EU Contribution

€ 679 481,50

Administrative Contact

Annette Freibauer (Dr.)

Participants (42)

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COMMISSARIAT A L ENERGIE ATOMIQUE ET AUX ENERGIES ALTERNATIVES

France

EU Contribution

€ 534 240

INTERNATIONALES INSTITUT FUER ANGEWANDTE SYSTEMANALYSE

Austria

EU Contribution

€ 300 000

MAX-PLANCK-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FORDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN EV

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 366 480

THE UNIVERSITY COURT OF THE UNIVERSITY OF ABERDEEN

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 390 100

UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DELLA TUSCIA

Italy

EU Contribution

€ 352 500

STICHTING VU

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 216 240

NATURAL ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH COUNCIL

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 159 800

EIDGENOESSISCHE TECHNISCHE HOCHSCHULE ZUERICH

Switzerland

EU Contribution

€ 223 324

INSTITUTUL DE CERCETARI SI AMENAJARI SILVICE

Romania

EU Contribution

€ 225 630

INSTITUT NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE AGRONOMIQUE

France

EU Contribution

€ 662 575

UNIWERSYTET PRZYRODNICZY W POZNANIU

Poland

EU Contribution

€ 244 440

TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITAET MUENCHEN

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 29 008,64

UNIVERSITEIT ANTWERPEN

Belgium

EU Contribution

€ 183 300

FUNDACION CENTRO DE ESTUDIOS AMBIENTALES DEL MEDITERRANEO

Spain

EU Contribution

€ 75 036,75

HELSINGIN YLIOPISTO

Finland

EU Contribution

€ 141 060

Bundesforschungs-und Ausbildungszentrum für Wald, Naturgefahren und Landschaft

Austria

EU Contribution

€ 25 080

FONDAZIONE EDMUND MACH

Italy

EU Contribution

€ 57 750

DANMARKS TEKNISKE UNIVERSITET

Denmark

EU Contribution

€ 25 000

STICHTING ENERGIEONDERZOEK CENTRUM NEDERLAND

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 139 120

EUROPEAN FOREST INSTITUTE

Finland

EU Contribution

€ 109 018

ILMATIETEEN LAITOS

Finland

EU Contribution

€ 141 000

JOANNEUM RESEARCH FORSCHUNGSGESELLSCHAFT MBH

Austria

EU Contribution

€ 122 200

PROVINCIA AUTONOMA DI BOLZANO

Italy

EU Contribution

€ 19 320

RIJKSUNIVERSITEIT GRONINGEN

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 39 999,60

SVERIGES LANTBRUKSUNIVERSITET

Sweden

EU Contribution

€ 10 000

SUOMEN YMPARISTOKESKUS

Finland

EU Contribution

€ 69 996,75

UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DUBLIN, NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF IRELAND, DUBLIN

Ireland

EU Contribution

€ 24 999,60

KOBENHAVNS UNIVERSITET

Denmark

EU Contribution

€ 40 000

UNIVERSITAET INNSBRUCK

Austria

EU Contribution

€ 115 200

ALMA MATER STUDIORUM - UNIVERSITA DI BOLOGNA

Italy

EU Contribution

€ 25 000,80

UNIVERSIDAD DE GRANADA

Spain

EU Contribution

€ 75 000

WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITY

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 121 520

UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI UDINE

Italy

EU Contribution

€ 40 200

RUPRECHT-KARLS-UNIVERSITAET HEIDELBERG

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 90 000

CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE

Italy

EU Contribution

€ 74 952,75

CONSORCI CENTRE DE CIENCIA I TECNOLOGIA FORESTAL DE CATALUNYA

Spain

EU Contribution

€ 30 000

UNIVERSIDAD DE CASTILLA - LA MANCHA

Spain

EU Contribution

€ 30 000

METEO-FRANCE

France

EU Contribution

€ 70 434

POTSDAM INSTITUT FUER KLIMAFOLGENFORSCHUNG

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 50 919

STICHTING WAGENINGEN RESEARCH

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 202 086

HOCHSCHULE WEIHENSTEPHAN-TRIESDORF

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 116 691,36

VERENIGING VOOR CHRISTELIJK HOGER ONDERWIJS WETENSCHAPPELIJK ONDERZOEK EN PATIENTENZORG

Netherlands

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 244122

Status

Closed project

  • Start date

    1 January 2010

  • End date

    30 September 2013

Funded under:

FP7-ENVIRONMENT

  • Overall budget:

    € 8 925 737,14

  • EU contribution

    € 6 648 703,75

Coordinated by:

JOHANN HEINRICH VON THUENEN-INSTITUT, BUNDESFORSCHUNGSINSTITUT FUER LAENDLICHE RAEUME, WALD UND FISCHEREI

Germany