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MCFC catalyst and stack component degradation and lifetime: Fuel Gas CONTaminant effects and EXtraction strategies

Objective

High-T fuel cells like the MCFC are the best candidate for exploiting cleanly & efficiently non-conventional fuels of organic or waste-derived origin that are one of the keys to a sustainable energy infrastructure & have very strong potential, but the degradation caused by the contaminants in these fuels must be addressed. MCFC-CONTEX aims to tackle this problem from 2 sides: 1) investigating poisoning mechanisms caused by alternative fuels & determining precisely MCFC tolerance limits for long-term endurance; 2) optimizing fuel cleaning to achieve tailored degrees of purification according to MCFC operating conditions & tolerance. The 1st line of activity requires extensive & long-term cell testing, so in parallel methods will be sought to increase experimental effectiveness: a numerical model will be set up to simulate & predict the effects of contaminants, and as knowledge is gained of the poisoning mechanisms through the experimental & simulation campaigns, accelerated testing procedures will be conceived & validated. The 2nd line of investigation entails characterization & development of clean-up materials & processes, focusing on the most promising options to be selected at the start of the project. To carry out this research, real-time & highly accurate contaminant detection methods are necessary which have to be implemented in the fuel-clean-up-MCFC chain to monitor the fate of the harmful species & thus deduce their effects. This will be the 3rd line of activity. Outcome of the project will be: increased understanding of poisoning mechanisms & a set of operating conditions-dependent tolerance limits for the MCFC; a numerical model for prediction of contaminant-induced degradation effects; validated accelerated testing procedures; a prototypal clean-up system optimized for upgrading selected non-conventional fuel gases to established MCFC requirements; a reliable trace species detection system for monitoring of fuel quality & process control.
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Coordinator

AGENZIA NAZIONALE PER LE NUOVE TECNOLOGIE, L'ENERGIA E LO SVILUPPO ECONOMICO SOSTENIBILE

Address

Lungotevere Grande Ammiraglio Thaon Di Revel 76
000196 Roma

Italy

Activity type

Research Organisations

EU Contribution

€ 446 933,13

Administrative Contact

Angelo Moreno (Dr.)

Participants (10)

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MTU Onsite Energy GmbH

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 75 083,30

ANSALDO FUEL CELLS S.P.A.

Italy

EU Contribution

€ 156 559,74

TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITAET MUENCHEN

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 366 304,30

TURKIYE BILIMSEL VE TEKNOLOJIK ARASTIRMA KURUMU

Turkey

EU Contribution

€ 109 405

UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI GENOVA

Italy

EU Contribution

€ 151 603,75

KUNGLIGA TEKNISKA HOEGSKOLAN

Sweden

EU Contribution

€ 128 695

OSKAR VON MILLER - INSTITUT DE CONCEPTIE, CERCETARE SI PROIECTARE ECHIPAMENTE TERMOENERGETICE

Romania

EU Contribution

€ 57 760,25

JRC -JOINT RESEARCH CENTRE- EUROPEAN COMMISSION

Belgium

UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI PERUGIA

Italy

EU Contribution

€ 100 475

CETAQUA, CENTRO TECNOLOGICO DEL AGUA, FUNDACION PRIVADA

Spain

EU Contribution

€ 249 013,08

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 245171

Status

Closed project

  • Start date

    1 January 2010

  • End date

    30 June 2014

Funded under:

FP7-JTI

  • Overall budget:

    € 4 132 858,94

  • EU contribution

    € 1 841 832,55

Coordinated by:

AGENZIA NAZIONALE PER LE NUOVE TECNOLOGIE, L'ENERGIA E LO SVILUPPO ECONOMICO SOSTENIBILE

Italy