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Development of an Internal Reforming Alcohol High Temperature PEM Fuel Cell Stack

Objective

The main objective of the proposal is the development of an internal reforming alcohol high temperature PEM fuel cell. Accomplishment of the project objective will be made through: • Design and synthesis of robust polymer electrolyte membranes for HT-PEMFCs, which will be functional within the temperature range of 190-220oC. • Development of alcohol (methanol or ethanol) reforming catalysts for the production of CO-free hydrogen in the temperature range of HT PEMFCs, i.e. at 190-220oC. • Integration of reforming catalyst and high temperature MEA in a compact Internal Reforming Alcohol High Temperature PEMFC (IRAFC). Integration may be achieved via different configurations as related to the position of the reforming catalyst. The proposed compact system does away with conventional fuel processors and allows for efficient heat management, since the “waste” heat produced by the fuel cell is in-situ utilized to drive the endothermic reforming reaction. The targeted power density of the system is 0.15 W/cm2 at a cell voltage of 0.7 V. Thus, the concepts of a catalytic reformer and of a fuel cell are combined in a single, simplified direct alcohol (e.g. methanol) High Temperature PEM fuel cell reactor. The heart of the system is the membrane electrode assembly (MEA) comprising a high-temperature proton-conducting electrolyte sandwiched between the anodic (reforming catalyst + Pt/C) and cathodic Pt/C gas diffusion electrodes. According to the configuration and the operating conditions described above, the IRAFC is expected to be autothermal, highly efficient and with zero CO emissions. In addition, the direct consumption of H2 by the MEA (fuel cell) and the electrochemical promotion effect is expected to enhance the kinetics of reforming reactions, thus facilitating the efficient operation of the reforming catalyst at temperatures below 220°C.
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Coordinator

ADVANCED ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES AE EREUNAS & ANAPTYXIS YLIKON & PROIONTONANANEOSIMON PIGON ENERGEIAS & SYNAFON SYMVOULEFTIKON Y PIRESION*ADVEN

Address

Kifisias 44 Ktiriou B
15125 Athens

Greece

Activity type

Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)

EU Contribution

€ 283 806

Administrative Contact

Ioannis Kallitsis (Dr.)

Participants (5)

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UNIWERSYTET MARII CURIE-SKLODOWSKIEJ

Poland

EU Contribution

€ 180 409

NEDSTACK FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGY BV

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 308 805

CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS

France

EU Contribution

€ 222 325

IDRYMA TECHNOLOGIAS KAI EREVNAS

Greece

EU Contribution

€ 266 255

INSTITUT FUER MIKROTECHNIK MAINZ GMBH

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 162 547

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 245202

Status

Closed project

  • Start date

    1 January 2010

  • End date

    30 June 2013

Funded under:

FP7-JTI

  • Overall budget:

    € 2 427 821,60

  • EU contribution

    € 1 424 147

Coordinated by:

ADVANCED ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES AE EREUNAS & ANAPTYXIS YLIKON & PROIONTONANANEOSIMON PIGON ENERGEIAS & SYNAFON SYMVOULEFTIKON Y PIRESION*ADVEN

Greece