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Computational Modeling of Knowledge-Based Inference Generation during Reading Comprehension

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 254607

Status

Closed project

  • Start date

    1 September 2010

  • End date

    31 August 2012

Funded under:

FP7-PEOPLE

  • Overall budget:

    € 170 535,20

  • EU contribution

    € 170 535,20

Coordinated by:

UNIVERSITEIT LEIDEN

Netherlands

Objective

The proposed research project employs a pioneering interdisciplinary approach to study inference generation, a fundamental, essential cognitive process that underlies human discourse processing in general and reading comprehension in particular. By integrating linguistic computational modeling (Latent Semantic Analysis and the computational implementation of the Landscape model) with psycholinguistic theories and empirical methods (think-aloud procedures and probing techniques), I intend to explore the extent and types of knowledge-based inferences which are constructed on-line during reading. Although there is a broad consensus regarding the importance of world-knowledge in understanding discourse and achieving text coherence, there is considerable disagreement concerning this issue. Across the various theories of reading comprehension, three central views—Memory-based, Explanation-based, and Coherence-based—can be distinguished based on their conception about the content of the inferences that are activated on-line and about the nature of this process. An original theoretical framework is proposed and examined in an attempt to reconcile the conflicting findings and models under common principles. These principles concern the role of short-term working memory and long-term semantic (i.e., general knowledge) and episodic (i.e., specific text) memory associations between textual and inferred concepts. The theoretical contribution of this research to the understanding of human cognitive mechanisms and its important implications on the development of educational comprehension strategies and the design of intelligence machines that process human natural language are stressed throughout the proposal.

Coordinator

UNIVERSITEIT LEIDEN

Address

Rapenburg 70
2311 Ez Leiden

Netherlands

Activity type

Higher or Secondary Education Establishments

EU Contribution

€ 170 535,20

Administrative Contact

Menno Tuurenhout (Dr.)

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 254607

Status

Closed project

  • Start date

    1 September 2010

  • End date

    31 August 2012

Funded under:

FP7-PEOPLE

  • Overall budget:

    € 170 535,20

  • EU contribution

    € 170 535,20

Coordinated by:

UNIVERSITEIT LEIDEN

Netherlands

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