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Semiconductor nanowires: from fundamental physics to device applications

Semiconductor nanowires: from fundamental physics to device applications

Objective

The interest in bottom-up fabricated semiconductor nanowires (NWs) has been growing steadily in the last years due to their potential as basic building blocks of nanoscale devices and circuits. Investigations performed so far try to exploit three unique properties of NWs: First, they are the smallest dimension structures that allow optical guiding and electrical contacting simultaneously. Second, their large surface to volume ratio enhances their interaction with the environment, turning them into optimal chemical and biological sensors. Finally, their anisotropic geometry makes their optical and electrical properties dramatically dependent on their orientation, allowing their use as polarization-dependent sensors.
Most NW applications rely on the ability to grow, characterize (structurally, optically and electronically) and manipulate both individual and collections of NWs. To date it is rather difficult to find a single research group covering all of the above competences, and students (or post-docs) usually focus on a single aspect of NW-based device realization (either growth, characterization, simulation or device assembly). The scope of this project is to create a European Network of experienced teams that will provide early stage researchers with a multidisciplinary framework and a comprehensive training in the field of NW physics and applications. The active involvement of industrial partners will ensure that the acquired competences are driven by industrial needs, such as scalable and low cost NW production. The interaction with associated industrial partners will also add to the employability of the recruited researchers through the exposure to the private sector. The main applications that we intend to address within the project time are the following: (i) nanowires for sensing applications, (ii) nanowires for optoelectronics (iii) nanowires for nanoelectronics and (iv) nanowires for energy harvesting.
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Coordinator

GEORG-AUGUST-UNIVERSITAT GOTTINGENSTIFTUNG OFFENTLICHEN RECHTS

Address

Wilhelmsplatz 1
37073 Gottingen

Germany

Activity type

Higher or Secondary Education Establishments

EU Contribution

€ 708 233

Administrative Contact

Nadja Daghbouche

Participants (11)

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FRIEDRICH-SCHILLER-UNIVERSITAT JENA

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 225 032

UNIVERSITAT DE VALENCIA

Spain

EU Contribution

€ 471 511

EUROPEAN SYNCHROTRON RADIATION FACILITY

France

EU Contribution

€ 247 693

THE CHANCELLOR MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 493 546

UNIVERSITY COLLEGE CORK - NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF IRELAND, CORK

Ireland

EU Contribution

€ 258 797

TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITEIT DELFT

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 445 013

Hochschule RheinMain

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 224 032

CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE

Italy

EU Contribution

€ 536 398

CENTRO RICERCHE FIAT SCPA

Italy

EU Contribution

€ 483 306

AIXTRON SE

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 383 701

TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITEIT EINDHOVEN

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 238 999

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 265073

Status

Closed project

  • Start date

    1 November 2010

  • End date

    31 October 2014

Funded under:

FP7-PEOPLE

  • Overall budget:

    € 4 716 261

  • EU contribution

    € 4 716 261

Coordinated by:

GEORG-AUGUST-UNIVERSITAT GOTTINGENSTIFTUNG OFFENTLICHEN RECHTS

Germany