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Changes in carbon uptake and emissions by oceans in a changing climate

Changes in carbon uptake and emissions by oceans in a changing climate

Objective

CARBOCHANGE will provide the best possible process-based quantification of net ocean carbon uptake under changing climate conditions using past and present ocean carbon cycle changes for a better prediction of future ocean carbon uptake. We will improve the quantitative understanding of key biogeochemical and physical processes through a combination of observations and models. We will upscale new process understanding to large-scale integrative feedbacks of the ocean carbon cycle to climate change and rising carbon dioxide concentrations. We will quantify the vulnerability of the ocean carbon sources and sinks in a probabilistic sense using cutting edge coupled Earth system models under a spectrum of emission scenarios including climate stabilisation scenarios as required for the 5th IPCC assessment report. The drivers for the vulnerabilities will be identified. The most actual observations of the changing ocean carbon sink will be systematically integrated with the newest ocean carbon models, a coupled land-ocean model, an Earth system model of intermediate complexity, and fully fledged Earth system models through a spectrum of data assimilation methods as well as advanced performance assessment tools. Results will be optimal process descriptions and most realistic error margins for future ocean carbon uptake quantifications with models under the presently available observational evidence. The project will deliver calibrated future evolutions of ocean pH and carbonate saturation as required by the research community on ocean acidification in the EU project EPOCA and further projects in this field. The time history of atmosphere-ocean carbon fluxes past, present, and future will be synthesised globally as well as regionally for the transcontinental RECCAP project. Observations and model results will merge into GEOSS/GEO through links with the European coordination action COCOS and will prepare the marine branch of the European Research Infrastructure ICOS.
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Coordinator

UNIVERSITETET I BERGEN

Address

Museplassen 1
5020 Bergen

Norway

Activity type

Higher or Secondary Education Establishments

EU Contribution

€ 733 542

Administrative Contact

Inger Gjesdahl (Ms.)

Participants (29)

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VITUSLAB V/JORGEN BENDTSEN

Denmark

EU Contribution

€ 26 652

INSTITUT FRANCAIS DE RECHERCHE POUR L'EXPLOITATION DE LA MER

France

EU Contribution

€ 67 200

COMMISSARIAT A L ENERGIE ATOMIQUE ET AUX ENERGIES ALTERNATIVES

France

EU Contribution

€ 414 084

UNIVERSITE PIERRE ET MARIE CURIE - PARIS 6

France

EU Contribution

€ 567 576

ALFRED-WEGENER-INSTITUT HELMHOLTZ-ZENTRUM FUR POLAR- UND MEERESFORSCHUNG

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 409 812

MAX-PLANCK-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FORDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN EV

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 149 562

UNIVERSITAET BREMEN

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 158 280

HAFRANNSOKNASTOFNUNIN

Iceland

EU Contribution

€ 78 456

NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF IRELAND GALWAY

Ireland

EU Contribution

€ 83 160

INSTITUT NATIONAL DE RECHERCHE HALIEUTIQUE

Morocco

EU Contribution

€ 61 292

STICHTING NIOZ, KONINKLIJK NEDERLANDS INSTITUUT VOOR ONDERZOEK DER ZEE

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 189 999

STIFTELSEN NANSEN SENTER FOR MILJOOG FJERNMALING

Norway

EU Contribution

€ 280 417

UNI RESEARCH AS

Norway

EU Contribution

€ 438 381

AGENCIA ESTATAL CONSEJO SUPERIOR DEINVESTIGACIONES CIENTIFICAS

Spain

EU Contribution

€ 343 649

UNIVERSIDAD DE LAS PALMAS DE GRAN CANARIA

Spain

EU Contribution

€ 332 476

GOETEBORGS UNIVERSITET

Sweden

EU Contribution

€ 118 800

EIDGENOESSISCHE TECHNISCHE HOCHSCHULE ZUERICH

Switzerland

EU Contribution

€ 208 959

UNIVERSITAET BERN

Switzerland

EU Contribution

€ 419 800

MET OFFICE

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 99 400

NATURAL ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH COUNCIL

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 146 670

PLYMOUTH MARINE LABORATORY

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 96 699

UNIVERSITY OF BRISTOL

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 143 850

UNIVERSITY OF EAST ANGLIA

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 565 865

COUNCIL FOR SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH

South Africa

TRUSTEES OF PRINCETON UNIVERSITY

United States

DALHOUSIE UNIVERSITY

Canada

HELMHOLTZ ZENTRUM FUR OZEANFORSCHUNG KIEL

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 669 192

CLIMMOD ENGINEERING SARL

France

EU Contribution

€ 29 967

THE UNIVERSITY OF EXETER

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 156 166

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 264879

Status

Closed project

  • Start date

    1 March 2011

  • End date

    28 February 2015

Funded under:

FP7-ENVIRONMENT

  • Overall budget:

    € 9 556 961

  • EU contribution

    € 6 989 906

Coordinated by:

UNIVERSITETET I BERGEN

Norway