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Fuel Injector Research for Sustainable Transport

Fuel Injector Research for Sustainable Transport

Objective

FIRST will deliver key enabling technologies for combustion emission reduction by developing improved design tools and techniques for modelling and controlling fuel sprays and soot.
Aviation’s environmental impact must be reduced to allow sustainable growth to benefit European industry and society. This is captured in ACARE’s 2020 goals of reducing CO2 by 50%, NOx by 80% and in SRA1/2 proposed reductions in soot and development of alternative fuels.
CFD tools are essential to design combustors for emissions, soot, thermo-acoustic noise, flame stability, cooling and the outlet temperature profile. The two most significant gaps in today’s CFD capability are fuel injector spray and soot modelling.
The fuel injector is critical to the design of low emission combustors. By understanding and controlling the complex physics of fuel atomisation and mixing, the emissions performance can be directly improved. CFD simulations have for many years relied upon over-simplistic definition of the fuel spray. The availability of methods developed in the automotive industry and faster computers make their application to aero-engines timely. The FIRST project will deliver a step change in the detail and accuracy of the fuel spray boundary conditions; through novel physics based modelling techniques, advanced diagnostic measurements and the derivation of sophisticated correlations.
CFD computations of the combustion system also provide the information needed to allow soot emissions to be controlled and minimised. These calculations require the improved fuel spray boundary condition described but also need higher fidelity physical and chemical models describing the soot production and consumption processes. FIRST will deliver improved CFD soot models, enabling the reduction of soot in aero-engine combustors.
The design of future alternative fuels will be enhanced by FIRST by performing predictions and measurements of both fuel sprays and soot across a number of alternative fuels.
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Coordinator

ROLLS-ROYCE PLC

Address

Buckingham Gate 62
Sw1e 6at London

United Kingdom

Activity type

Other

EU Contribution

€ 322 595

Administrative Contact

Darren Luff (Dr.)

Participants (21)

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MTU AERO ENGINES GMBH

Germany

A2 PHOTONIC SENSORS

France

EU Contribution

€ 64 219

AVIO SPA

Italy

EU Contribution

€ 116 136,37

CENTRE EUROPEEN DE RECHERCHE ET DE FORMATION AVANCEE EN CALCUL SCIENTIFIQUE

France

EU Contribution

€ 214 000

CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS

France

EU Contribution

€ 323 220

DEUTSCHES ZENTRUM FUER LUFT - UND RAUMFAHRT EV

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 687 460

ENGINSOFT SPA

Italy

EU Contribution

€ 90 000

IMPERIAL COLLEGE OF SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY AND MEDICINE

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 420 028

UNIVERSITE PIERRE ET MARIE CURIE - PARIS 6

France

EU Contribution

€ 67 500

KARLSRUHER INSTITUT FUER TECHNOLOGIE

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 674 974

LOUGHBOROUGH UNIVERSITY

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 258 720

MTU AERO ENGINES AG

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 135 000

OFFICE NATIONAL D'ETUDES ET DE RECHERCHES AEROSPATIALES

France

EU Contribution

€ 934 410

ROLLS-ROYCE DEUTSCHLAND LTD & CO KG

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 105 000

SAFRAN AIRCRAFT ENGINES

France

EU Contribution

€ 100 001

SAFRAN HELICOPTER ENGINES

France

EU Contribution

€ 90 000

UNIVERSITA' DEGLI STUDI DI BERGAMO

Italy

EU Contribution

€ 90 012

UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI FIRENZE

Italy

EU Contribution

€ 90 000

ARTTIC

France

EU Contribution

€ 120 000

SCITEK CONSULTANTS LIMITED

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 52 920

GE AVIO SRL

Italy

EU Contribution

€ 43 763,63

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 265848

Status

Closed project

  • Start date

    1 December 2010

  • End date

    30 November 2014

Funded under:

FP7-TRANSPORT

  • Overall budget:

    € 7 265 806,27

  • EU contribution

    € 4 999 959

Coordinated by:

ROLLS-ROYCE PLC

United Kingdom