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Fuel Injector Research for Sustainable Transport

Objective

FIRST will deliver key enabling technologies for combustion emission reduction by developing improved design tools and techniques for modelling and controlling fuel sprays and soot.
Aviation’s environmental impact must be reduced to allow sustainable growth to benefit European industry and society. This is captured in ACARE’s 2020 goals of reducing CO2 by 50%, NOx by 80% and in SRA1/2 proposed reductions in soot and development of alternative fuels.
CFD tools are essential to design combustors for emissions, soot, thermo-acoustic noise, flame stability, cooling and the outlet temperature profile. The two most significant gaps in today’s CFD capability are fuel injector spray and soot modelling.
The fuel injector is critical to the design of low emission combustors. By understanding and controlling the complex physics of fuel atomisation and mixing, the emissions performance can be directly improved. CFD simulations have for many years relied upon over-simplistic definition of the fuel spray. The availability of methods developed in the automotive industry and faster computers make their application to aero-engines timely. The FIRST project will deliver a step change in the detail and accuracy of the fuel spray boundary conditions; through novel physics based modelling techniques, advanced diagnostic measurements and the derivation of sophisticated correlations.
CFD computations of the combustion system also provide the information needed to allow soot emissions to be controlled and minimised. These calculations require the improved fuel spray boundary condition described but also need higher fidelity physical and chemical models describing the soot production and consumption processes. FIRST will deliver improved CFD soot models, enabling the reduction of soot in aero-engine combustors.
The design of future alternative fuels will be enhanced by FIRST by performing predictions and measurements of both fuel sprays and soot across a number of alternative fuels.

Field of science

  • /social sciences/economics and business/economics/sustainable economy
  • /social sciences/social and economic geography/transport/sustainable transport
  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/energy and fuels

Call for proposal

FP7-AAT-2010-RTD-1
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

CP-FP - Small or medium-scale focused research project

Coordinator

ROLLS-ROYCE PLC
Address
Kings Place 90 York Way
N1 9FX London
United Kingdom
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
EU contribution
€ 322 595
Administrative Contact
Darren Luff (Dr.)

Participants (21)

MTU AERO ENGINES GMBH

Participation ended

Germany
Address
Dachauer Strasse, 665
80995 Muenchen
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Stephan Servaty (Mr.)
A2 PHOTONIC SENSORS
France
EU contribution
€ 64 219
Address
Inpg Minatec- Parvis Louis Neel 3
38000 Grenoble
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Stéphane Gluck (Mr.)
AVIO SPA

Participation ended

Italy
EU contribution
€ 116 136,37
Address
Via Antonio Salandra N18
00187 Roma
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Pasquale Di Martino (Dr.)
CERFACS CENTRE EUROPEEN DE RECHERCHE ET DE FORMATION AVANCEE EN CALCUL SCIENTIFIQUE SOCIETE CIVILE
France
EU contribution
€ 214 000
Address
Avenue G Coriolis 42
31057 Toulouse Cedex
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Dominique Roffi (Mr.)
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS
France
EU contribution
€ 323 220
Address
Rue Michel Ange 3
75794 Paris
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Jean-Xavier Boucherle (Dr.)
DEUTSCHES ZENTRUM FUR LUFT - UND RAUMFAHRT EV
Germany
EU contribution
€ 687 460
Address
Linder Hohe
51147 Koln
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Matthias Maurer (Mr.)
ENGINSOFT SPA
Italy
EU contribution
€ 90 000
Address
Via Della Stazione 27
38100 Trento
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Alberto Mezzena (Mr.)
IMPERIAL COLLEGE OF SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY AND MEDICINE
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 420 028
Address
South Kensington Campus Exhibition Road
SW7 2AZ London
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Shaun Power (Mr.)
UNIVERSITE PIERRE ET MARIE CURIE - PARIS 6
France
EU contribution
€ 67 500
Address
Place Jussieu 4
75252 Paris
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Ella Bouquet (Ms.)
KARLSRUHER INSTITUT FUER TECHNOLOGIE
Germany
EU contribution
€ 674 974
Address
Kaiserstrasse 12
76131 Karlsruhe
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Nikolaos Zarzalis (Prof.)
LOUGHBOROUGH UNIVERSITY
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 258 720
Address
Ashby Road
LE11 3TU Loughborough
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Raymond Kent (Dr.)
MTU AERO ENGINES AG
Germany
EU contribution
€ 135 000
Address
Dachauer Strasse 665
80995 Munchen
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Roland Schmier (Mr.)
OFFICE NATIONAL D'ETUDES ET DE RECHERCHES AEROSPATIALES
France
EU contribution
€ 934 410
Address
Chemin De La Huniere
91120 Palaiseau
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Brigitte Giacomi (Ms.)
ROLLS-ROYCE DEUTSCHLAND LTD & CO KG
Germany
EU contribution
€ 105 000
Address
Eschenweg 11
15827 Blankenfelde-mahlow
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Ruud Eggels (Dr.)
SAFRAN AIRCRAFT ENGINES
France
EU contribution
€ 100 001
Address
Bvd Du General Martial Valin 2
75015 Paris
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Patrick Houel (Mr.)
SAFRAN HELICOPTER ENGINES
France
EU contribution
€ 90 000
Address
Avenue Du President Szydlowski
64510 Bordes
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Magali Delode (Ms.)
UNIVERSITA' DEGLI STUDI DI BERGAMO
Italy
EU contribution
€ 90 012
Address
Via Salvecchio 19
24129 Bergamo
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Morena Garimberti (Dr.)
UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI FIRENZE
Italy
EU contribution
€ 90 000
Address
Piazza San Marco 4
50121 Florence
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Bruno Facchini (Prof.)
ARTTIC
France
EU contribution
€ 120 000
Address
Rue Du Dessous Des Berges 58A
75013 Paris
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Eric Papon (Dr.)
SCITEK CONSULTANTS LIMITED
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 52 920
Address
10 Stadium Business Court, Millennium Way Pride Pa
DE24 8HP Derby
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Marios Christodoulou (Dr.)
GE AVIO SRL
Italy
EU contribution
€ 43 763,63
Address
Via I Maggio 99
10040 Rivalta Di Torino
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Massimo Negro (Dr.)