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Developing Novel Fire-Resistant High Performance Composites

Objective

The greater use of polymer matrix composite materials would be highly desirable. Their low weight, along with their inherent resistance to corrosion and fatigue, enables more fuel efficient and sustainable transport structures. However, for many applications, the biggest factor currently preventing the more widespread use of light high-performance polymer matrix composites is their poor fire performance. This is due to the organic matrices, which first soften on heating, causing a loss of mechanical properties and then, at higher temperatures, decompose. Decomposition results in the production of smoke and toxic or flammable decomposition products. These products are not only hazardous in terms of lack of visibility and toxicity; they can also burn, releasing heat, which can lead to flame spread and exacerbate the fire. Furthermore, loaded composite structures often collapse in a fire within a period of minutes, depending on the magnitude of the load and heat flux. The overall aim of the project is to develop novel, cost-effective, high-performance, lightweight polymer matrix composites with a step-change improvement in fire behaviour. FIRE-RESIST will achieve this by carefully targeted research in five key areas: 1. Micro-layered structural materials that are designed to delaminate extensively when exposed to heat, thereby generating a multiplicity of internal interfaces that provide a fire barrier of exceptionally low thermal conductivity. 2. Hybrid thermoset composites that are polymeric at normal temperature, but which decompose under fire to provide highly protective ceramic char phases. 3. High char polymer matrix composites derived from sustainable, naturally-sourced materials. 4. The commingling of particle-doped polymer fibres and conventional fibre reinforcements for the highly efficient dispersion of fire retarding particles within a composite. 5. Advanced multi-scale simulation of loaded polymer matrix composite structures in fire.
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Coordinator

UNIVERSITY OF NEWCASTLE UPON TYNE

Address

Kings Gate
Ne1 7ru Newcastle Upon Tyne

United Kingdom

Activity type

Higher or Secondary Education Establishments

EU Contribution

€ 843 200

Administrative Contact

Nicola Dolman (Ms.)

Participants (18)

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TEKNOLOGIAN TUTKIMUSKESKUS VTT

Finland

AIRBUS DEFENCE AND SPACE GMBH

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 277 656

Flensburger Schiffbau-Gesellschaft mbH & Co KG

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 95 186

DNV GL SE

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 193 625

UMECO STRUCTURAL MATERIALS (DERBY) LIMITED

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 277 404

AMORIM CORK COMPOSITES SA

Portugal

EU Contribution

€ 174 590

TRANSFURANS CHEMICALS BVBA

Belgium

EU Contribution

€ 261 136

ANTHONY, PATRICK & MURTA-EXPORTACAO LDA

Portugal

EU Contribution

€ 102 600

APC COMPOSIT AB

Sweden

EU Contribution

€ 271 496

BALANCE TECHNOLOGY CONSULTING GMBH

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 264 000

CONSORZIO PER LA PROMOZIONE DELLA CULTURA PLASTICA PROPLAST

Italy

EU Contribution

€ 160 800

FUNDACION GAIKER

Spain

EU Contribution

€ 345 541

INSTITUT NATIONAL DES SCIENCES APPLIQUEES DE LYON

France

EU Contribution

€ 216 697

RISE RESEARCH INSTITUTES OF SWEDEN AB

Sweden

EU Contribution

€ 535 652

RISE SICOMP AB

Sweden

EU Contribution

€ 542 254

Teknologian tutkimuskeskus VTT Oy

Finland

EU Contribution

€ 522 179

STEINBEIS ADVANCED RISK TECHNOLOGIES GMBH

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 164 000

BOMBARDIER TRANSPORTATION UK LTD

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 75 600

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 246037

Status

Closed project

  • Start date

    1 February 2011

  • End date

    31 January 2015

Funded under:

FP7-NMP

  • Overall budget:

    € 7 777 381,73

  • EU contribution

    € 5 323 616

Coordinated by:

UNIVERSITY OF NEWCASTLE UPON TYNE

United Kingdom

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