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Prediction, Protection & Reduction of OrbiTal Exposure to Collision Threats

Prediction, Protection & Reduction of OrbiTal Exposure to Collision Threats

Objective

The strategic importance of space systems is growing in Europe, for civil and defence applications (satellite communications, ..). Recent examples have shown that on-orbit collisions brought on by space debris are important threats. On one hand, some space debris are routinely tracked, making the collisions predictable, but they increase the cost of space missions’ management. On the other hand, most debris are untracked because they are too small, making prediction impossible. The way to reduce vulnerability is then to reduce severity of collision and probability of occurrence. The proposed P²-ROTECT project aims to assess the risks associated with collisions and recommend possible solutions such as better prediction, protection or action on debris environment to reduce vulnerability of missions. But it is mandatory to elaborate a vulnerability index which quantifies the efficiency of solutions with respect to trackable and untrackable debris effects and provides access to sensitive terms of collision probability or severity. Furthermore, trade-offs are made between efficiency and cost to propose new design options for space infrastructures. In order to work with concrete examples depending on orbit types, three missions of interest for EU are analysed: Sentinel-I in Low Earth Orbit, GALILEO constellation in Medium Earth Orbit and MTG, the weather observation constellation in Geostationary Orbit. The Consortium includes well-known partners capable of analysing space missions at all levels (S/C component, mission) and able to provide innovative solutions for risk reduction.The P²-ROTECT objective and methodology match with the objectives of Activity “Security of space assets from on-orbit collisions”. Concerning the complementarities with the ESA SSA proposal, the propositions are clearly oriented towards low-cost solutions to contribute to space surveillance and improvement of collision prediction methods, while raising situational awareness on a European level
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Coordinator

OFFICE NATIONAL D'ETUDES ET DE RECHERCHES AEROSPATIALES

Address

Chemin De La Huniere
91120 Palaiseau

France

Activity type

Research Organisations

EU Contribution

€ 796 003

Administrative Contact

Vincent Brochier (Mr.)

Participants (6)

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OHB SYSTEM AG

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 335 961

THALES ALENIA SPACE ITALIA SPA

Italy

EU Contribution

€ 262 536

FRAUNHOFER GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FOERDERUNG DER ANGEWANDTEN FORSCHUNG E.V.

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 336 470

TURKIYE BILIMSEL VE TEKNOLOJIK ARASTIRMA KURUMU

Turkey

EU Contribution

€ 132 300

TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITAET BRAUNSCHWEIG

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 85 111

TELINT RTD Consultancy Services LTD

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 47 400

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 262820

Status

Closed project

  • Start date

    1 March 2011

  • End date

    31 December 2013

Funded under:

FP7-SPACE

  • Overall budget:

    € 2 933 485,60

  • EU contribution

    € 1 995 781

Coordinated by:

OFFICE NATIONAL D'ETUDES ET DE RECHERCHES AEROSPATIALES

France

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