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Arctic Climate Change, Economy and Society

Arctic Climate Change, Economy and Society

Objective

The Arctic is engaged in a deep climatic evolution. This evolution is quite predictable at short (year) and longer scales (several decades), but it is the decadal intermediate scale that is the most difficult to predict. This is because the natural variability of the system is large and dominant at this scale, and the system is highly non linear due to positive and negative feedback between sea ice, the ocean and atmosphere.

Already today, due to the increase of the GHG concentration in the atmosphere and the amplification of global warming in the Arctic, the impacts of climate change in the region are apparent, e.g. in the reduction in sea ice, in changes in weather patterns and cyclones or in the melting of glaciers and permafrost. It is therefore not surprising that models clearly predict that Artic sea ice will disappear in summer within 20 or 30 years, yielding new opportunities and risks for human activities in the Arctic.

This climatic evolution is going to have strong impacts on both marine ecosystems and human activities in the Arctic. This in turn has large socio-economic implications for Europe. ACCESS will evaluate climatic impacts in the Arctic on marine transportation (including tourism), fisheries, marine mammals and the extraction of hydrocarbons for the next 20 years; with particular attention to environmental sensitivities and sustainability. These meso-economic issues will be extended to the macro-economic scale in order to highlight trans-sectoral implications and provide an integrated assessment of the socio-economic impact of climate change. An important aspect of ACCESS, given the geostrategic implication of Arctic state changes, will be the consideration of Arctic governance issues, including the framework UNCLOS (United Nations Convention for the Law of the Sea). ACCESS dedicates a full work package to integrate Arctic climate changes, socioeconomic impacts and Arctic governance issues.
Leaflet | Map data © OpenStreetMap contributors, Credit: EC-GISCO, © EuroGeographics for the administrative boundaries

Coordinator

UNIVERSITE PIERRE ET MARIE CURIE - PARIS 6

Address

Place Jussieu 4
75252 Paris

France

Activity type

Higher or Secondary Education Establishments

EU Contribution

€ 1 801 023

Administrative Contact

Mélanie Pellen (Ms.)

Participants (28)

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NOFIMA MARIN AS

Norway

EU Contribution

€ 776 703

O.A.SYS - OCEAN ATMOSPHERE SYSTEMS GMBH

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 362 522

NATURAL ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH COUNCIL

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 742 079

INSTITUT FUER WELTWIRTSCHAFT

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 283 115

THE CHANCELLOR MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 479 039

ALFRED-WEGENER-INSTITUT HELMHOLTZ-ZENTRUM FUR POLAR- UND MEERESFORSCHUNG

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 272 112

SCHWARZ JOACHIM REINHOLD FRANZ

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 113 229

NOFIMA AS

Norway

HAMBURGISCHE SCHIFFBAU-VERSUCHSANSTALT GMBH

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 414 100

NORSK POLARINSTITUTT

Norway

EU Contribution

€ 340 033

METEOROLOGISK INSTITUTT

Norway

EU Contribution

€ 964 546

FASTOPT GMBH

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 266 456

THE SCOTTISH ASSOCIATION FOR MARINESCIENCE LBG

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 344 802

KUNGLIGA VETENSKAPSAKADEMIEN

Sweden

EU Contribution

€ 688 183

P.P. SHIRSHOV INSTITUTE OF OCEANOLOGY OF RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

Russia

EU Contribution

€ 109 980

IMPAC OFFSHORE ENGINEERING GMBH

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 307 726

UNIVERSITAT POLITECNICA DE CATALUNYA

Spain

EU Contribution

€ 366 900

DEUTSCHES ZENTRUM FUER LUFT - UND RAUMFAHRT EV

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 351 080

ARCTIC AND ANTARCTIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE

Russia

EU Contribution

€ 135 297

ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE

Ireland

EU Contribution

€ 342 222

LAPIN YLIOPISTO

Finland

EU Contribution

€ 359 098

SINTEF FISKERI OG HAVBRUK AS

Norway

EU Contribution

€ 272 811

CICERO SENTER KLIMAFORSKNING STIFTELSE

Norway

EU Contribution

€ 264 228

STIFTELSEN SINTEF

Norway

EU Contribution

€ 399 050

GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FORDERUNG DES ENERGIEWIRTSCHAFTLICHEN INSTITUTS AN DER UNIVERSITAT ZU KOLN GGMBH - EWI

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 55 196

LE CERCLE POLAIRE ASSOCIATION

France

EU Contribution

€ 102 900

BELUGA SHIPPING GMBH

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 722

NORDIC BULK CARRIERS AS

Denmark

EU Contribution

€ 63 316

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 265863

Status

Closed project

  • Start date

    1 March 2011

  • End date

    28 February 2015

Funded under:

FP7-TRANSPORT

  • Overall budget:

    € 14 848 399,48

  • EU contribution

    € 10 978 468

Coordinated by:

UNIVERSITE PIERRE ET MARIE CURIE - PARIS 6

France