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Development of improved methods for detection, control and eradication of pine wood nematode in support of EU Plant Health policy

Objective

Europe’s pine forests are a valuable economic, social and environmental resource under threat from the introduction of the pine wood nematode (PWN), Bursaphelenchus xylophilus. Although not a pest in its native North America, PWN has devastated forests in Asia. Since the arrival of PWN in Portugal, the native maritime pine, Pinus pinaster, has proved to be extremely susceptible, with PWN being spread by the local longhorn beetle Monochamus galloprovincialis. Previous studies have shown that PWN could spread throughout the Iberian peninsula and beyond, making it a major threat to European forests.

Effective containment and eventual eradication of PWN demands a detailed understanding of the behaviour and dynamics of PWN in infested trees, especially because delayed onset of symptoms (latency) reduces survey accuracy and can compromise containment strategies. Research will be carried out into vector dispersal capacity; improved ways to monitor and reduce populations using synthetic chemical lures will be investigated; the potential for PWN transfer between trees in the absence of the Monochamus spp. vectors will be evaluated, as will the introduction of resistant conifers. Crucially, the project will extend the capability of existing models to identify the risk posed by PWN to the rest of Europe and the possible impact of climate change on its spread.

The REPHRAME project brings together Europe’s leading experts on PWN, together with colleagues from around the world, to address the key gaps in current knowledge. As well as providing a scientific basis for governmental action to deal with PWN, the results of the project will be synthesised into a user-friendly toolkit so that workers on the ground can put them to immediate use. The project also includes extensive dissemination activities to ensure the uptake and application of results across the EU and world-wide.
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Coordinator

FORESTRY COMMISSION RESEARCH AGENCY

Address

Alice Holt Lodge
Gu10 4lh Farnham

United Kingdom

Activity type

Research Organisations

EU Contribution

€ 581 049

Administrative Contact

Hugh Evans (Dr.)

Participants (11)

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UNIVERSITY OF GREENWICH

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 172 092,80

Bundesforschungs-und Ausbildungszentrum für Wald, Naturgefahren und Landschaft

Austria

EU Contribution

€ 278 568

INSTITUT NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE AGRONOMIQUE

France

EU Contribution

€ 432 916

JULIUS KUHN-INSTITUT BUNDESFORSCHUNGSINSTITUT FUR KULTURPFLANZEN

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 263 174,40

INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE INVESTIGAÇAO AGRARIA E VETERINARIA

Portugal

EU Contribution

€ 447 837,40

UNIVERSIDADE DE EVORA

Portugal

EU Contribution

€ 278 289

AGENCIA ESTATAL CONSEJO SUPERIOR DEINVESTIGACIONES CIENTIFICAS

Spain

EU Contribution

€ 86 261

UNIVERSIDAD DE VALLADOLID

Spain

EU Contribution

€ 286 747,40

INSTITUTE OF ZOOLOGY, CHINESE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

China

EU Contribution

€ 37 503

NIBIO - NORSK INSTITUTT FOR BIOOKONOMI

Norway

EU Contribution

€ 133 500

INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE RECURSOS BIOLOGICOS I.P. INRB

Portugal

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 265483

Status

Closed project

  • Start date

    1 March 2011

  • End date

    30 November 2014

Funded under:

FP7-KBBE

  • Overall budget:

    € 4 061 387,34

  • EU contribution

    € 2 997 938

Coordinated by:

FORESTRY COMMISSION RESEARCH AGENCY

United Kingdom