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Earth system Model Bias Reduction and assessing Abrupt Climate change

Earth system Model Bias Reduction and assessing Abrupt Climate change

Objective

EMBRACE brings together the leading Earth System Models (ESMs) in Europe around a common set of objectives to improve our ability to (i) simulate the Earth System and (ii) make reliable projections of future global change. EMBRACE builds on the existing European collaboration network in Earth System Modelling and will be the main European input to international efforts in this field over the coming 5 years. The project has a number of key goals; (i) to reduce the main, known biases in existing European ESMs, (ii) to fully evaluate ESM simulation capabilities and improvements made in the project, (iii) to increase the realism of, and interactions between, the physical and biogeochemical components of ESMs, (iv) to assess the risks of abrupt or irreversible changes in key components of the Earth system, in response to the most recent greenhouse gas, aerosol and land-use scenarios proposed for the IPCC AR5.
The primary ESM biases targeted for improvement include, (i) the representation of moist atmospheric convection and links to coupled tropical variability and precipitation. (ii) equatorial and coastal ocean upwelling and their impact on the global climate system and carbon cycle, (iii) coupled processes controlling physical and biogeochemical mixing in the Southern ocean, (iv) soil hydrology and its coupling with the atmosphere and (v) the terrestrial carbon cycle, through a more realistic treatment of climate-vegetation interaction. Improvements will be evaluated in the context of the full range of CMIP5 historical simulations, with the CMIP5 protocol forming the basis for future climate projections made to assess the risk of abrupt changes. A cross-cutting theme will be the impact of improved process description, combined with increased coupled model resolution, in reducing ESM biases and improving their reliability of future projections.
Leaflet | Map data © OpenStreetMap contributors, Credit: EC-GISCO, © EuroGeographics for the administrative boundaries

Coordinator

SVERIGES METEOROLOGISKA OCH HYDROLOGISKA INSTITUT

Address

Folkborgsvaegen 1
601 76 Norrkoeping

Sweden

Activity type

Higher or Secondary Education Establishments

EU Contribution

€ 1 095 160

Administrative Contact

Eleanor O'rourke (Ms.)

Participants (19)

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KONINKLIJK NEDERLANDS METEOROLOGISCH INSTITUUT-KNMI

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 555 980,25

EUROPEAN CENTRE FOR MEDIUM-RANGE WEATHER FORECASTS

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 211 410

LUNDS UNIVERSITET

Sweden

MAX-PLANCK-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FORDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN EV

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 638 247

DLR

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 351 204

ILMATIETEEN LAITOS

Finland

EU Contribution

€ 206 825

EIDGENOESSISCHE TECHNISCHE HOCHSCHULE ZUERICH

Switzerland

EU Contribution

€ 275 022

UNIVERSITY OF EAST ANGLIA

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 399 911,60

THE UNIVERSITY OF EXETER

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 358 098

MET OFFICE

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 515 405,50

UNIVERSITE CATHOLIQUE DE LOUVAIN

Belgium

EU Contribution

€ 107 550

CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS

France

EU Contribution

€ 1 437 299

NATURAL ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH COUNCIL

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 284 087,25

WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITY

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 151 032

SVEUCILISTE U SPLITU

Croatia

EU Contribution

€ 60 198

IMPERIAL COLLEGE OF SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY AND MEDICINE

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 93 475

STICHTING VU

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 34 725,60

KARLSRUHER INSTITUT FUER TECHNOLOGIE

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 224 100

VERENIGING VOOR CHRISTELIJK HOGER ONDERWIJS WETENSCHAPPELIJK ONDERZOEK EN PATIENTENZORG

Netherlands

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 282672

Status

Closed project

  • Start date

    1 November 2011

  • End date

    29 February 2016

Funded under:

FP7-ENVIRONMENT

  • Overall budget:

    € 9 530 409,20

  • EU contribution

    € 6 999 730,20

Coordinated by:

SVERIGES METEOROLOGISKA OCH HYDROLOGISKA INSTITUT

Sweden